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Immigration and the interplay of parenting, preschool enrollment, and young children's academic skills

Resource Type: Reports & Papers
Author(s): Ansari, Arya; Crosnoe, Robert;
Date Issued: June, 2015
Description: This study tested a conceptual model of the reciprocal relations among parents' support for early learning and children's academic skills and preschool enrollment. Structural equation modeling of data from 6,250 children (Ages 2 to 5) and parents in the nationally representative Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort revealed that parental support for early learning was associated with gains in children's academic skills, which, in turn, were associated with their likelihood of preschool attendance. Preschool experience then was associated with further gains in children's early academic competencies, which were then associated with increased parental support. These patterns varied by parents' nativity status. Specifically, foreign-born parents' support for early learning was directly linked with preschool enrollment, and the association between the academic skills of children and parental support was also stronger for foreign-born parents. These immigration-related patterns were primarily driven by immigrant families who originated from Latin America, rather than Asia, and did not vary by immigrants' socioeconomic circumstances. Together, these results underscore the value of considering the synergistic relations between the home and school systems, as well as "child effects" and population diversity, in developmental research. (author abstract)
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Funder(s): National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (U.S.)
Journal Title: Journal of Family Psychology
Volume Number: 29
Issue Number: 3
Page Range: 382-393
Topics: Children & Child Development > Child Development & School Readiness

Parents & Families > Involvement In Child Care & Early Education > Parent-Child

Parents & Families > Parent/Family Characteristics > Immigrant & Migrant Status
Country: United States
ISSN: 0893-3200 Paper
1939-1293 Online
Peer Reviewed: yes
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