Oklahoma School Readiness Reach-by-Risk Report, 2016 (ICPSR 36780)
Published: May 5, 2017
SummaryThe Oklahoma School Readiness Reach-by-Risk Report 2016 serves as the third and final publication in the series and updates data published in 2015. The Report is intended to provide policy makers and other early childhood education stakeholders with the most current data available on multiple school readiness risk factors across multiple domains, and the reach of services provided in each of the state's 77 counties. This Report is a continued effort to highlight counties whose children are at the greatest risk of starting kindergarten unprepared to learn, and counties that are underrepresented in terms of the quality of early childhood education and child care services. This report is divided into two main sections, Risk and Reach. The Risk section consists of an analysis of nine socioeconomic and demographic indicators found by empirical research to increase a county's risk for poor school preparedness. The Reach section assesses the county-level service density of six early childhood programs and services designed to contribute to the cognitive and social-emotional development of young children. This Report provides current data on factors that place children at risk of being unprepared for school compared to the reach of several services and programs that promote school readiness. As in previous reports, an analysis of changes in risk and reach classifications between 2015 and 2016, including risk rank percentile changes is also included.
FundingUnited States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (90YE0149-01-01)
Subject Termschild care child development child support children education educational assessment ethnicity parent child relationship parenting skills school age children school readiness socialization socioeconomic status
Geographic CoverageUnited States Oklahoma
Smallest Geographic UnitOklahoma counties
Time Period(s)2015 -- 2016
Date of Collection2016
Data Collection Notes
This is the third and final publication in the Oklahoma School Readiness Reach-by-Risk Report series. The previous two from 2014 and 2015 can be found using the following study numbers: 35219, 36378.
Study PurposeThe purpose of the Oklahoma School Readiness Reach-by-Risk Report 2014, is to provide policy makers and other early childhood stakeholders with current data on factors that place children at risk of being unprepared for school and on the reach of services and programs that promote school readiness for each of the state's 77 counties.
Study DesignFor each indicator, data at the state and county levels were collected from multiple secondary sources and reported as proportions of relevant populations (e.g., percent of live births to mothers with low levels of education). Data were statistically analyzed using multivariate techniques to create components, or "sets" of factors that most closely correlated with each other and that significantly explained school readiness, with third-grade reading proficiency used as a proxy of readiness. Reach was assessed by requesting data for early education programs, such as Head Start (HS), Early Head Start (EHS) and the state's universal pre-kindergarten program; early childhood home visitation programs, such as SoonerStart, the state's IDEA Part C - Early Intervention program; and child care services.
UniverseCounty-level data from Oklahoma on children who are under the age of six.
Unit(s) of Observation77 counties in the state of Oklahoma
Data SourceNational/State Statistics
- Oklahoma Association of Community Action Agencies, 2014-2015
- Oklahoma Department of Human Services (DHS), state fiscal year 2015.
- Oklahoma State Department of Education (OSDE), Fall 2014.
- Oklahoma State Department of Health (OSDH). Center for Health Statistics, Health Care Information, Vital Statistics, average for 2013 and 2014. Accessed here.
- U.S. Census, American Community Survey, Age by ratio of income to poverty level in past 12 months, 2010-2014 five-year estimates.
- U.S. Census, American Community Survey, Own children under 18 years by family type and age, 2010-2014 five-year estimates.
- U.S. Census, American Community Survey, Sex by age, American Indian or Alaska Native, 2010-2014 five-year estimates.
- U.S. Census, American Community Survey, Sex by age, Hispanic or Latino, 2010-2014 five-year estimates.
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Head Start.
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Administration on Children, Youth and Families, Children's Bureau. (2015). Child Maltreatment 2014.
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Administration on Children, Youth and Families, Children's Bureau. (2014). The AFCARS Report: Preliminary FY 2012 Estimates as of July 2014, No. 21. Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS), federal fiscal year 2013.
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Division of Vital Statistics, Natality public-use data 2007-2013, on CDC WONDER Online Database, January 2015. Low maternal education; young maternal age, 2013 and 2014. Accessed at: http://wonder.cdc.gov/natality-current.html Research Articles and Other Data Sources.
- Mulligan, G. M., Hastedt, S., and McCarroll, J. C. (2012). First-time kindergartners in 2010-2011: First findings from the kindergarten rounds of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-2011 (ELCS-K: 2011) (NCES 2012-049). U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC: NCES. Academic year (AY) 2011-2011.
- Community Action Project (CAP) Tulsa, 2014-2015.
- Oklahoma Child Care Services, SFY 2015.
- Oklahoma Early Head Start programs, 2014-2015.
- Oklahoma Educare programs, 2013-2014.
- Oklahoma Head Start programs, 2014-2015.
- Oklahoma State Department of Education, 2014-2015.
- Oklahoma State Department of Education, fall enrollment, October 2014.
- Oklahoma State Department of Health, SFY 2015.
- Reach Out and Read, Oklahoma Chapter, FY 2015.
- U.S. Census 2010
- U.S. Census, American Community Survey, Children under age 6 with working parents, 2009-2013
- U.S. Census Current Population Estimates, 2014 for total population for singe year of age 3, 4 and age groups 0-2, 3-4, and 0-5.
Data Type(s)administrative records data, aggregate data, census/enumeration data
Description of Variables
Part one is devoted to Risk indicators and contains 11 variables. These variables contain data about ethnicity, birth rates for women with low levels of education, single parent families, birth rates to teen mothers, abuse and neglect, and foster care.
Part two is devoted to Reach indicators and contains 20 variables. These variables contain data about educational programs such as Head Start and early Head Start, Child Care Licensed Center, home visitations, Child Care Subsidy to Capacity, Child Care Quality Star Subsidy Enrollment, and other programs. Reach data are compared to overall risk for poor school readiness for each county, which highlights counties with the greatest need for early childhood education and child care services relative to risk.
Original Release Date2017-05-05
2017-05-05 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Standardized missing values.
- Created online analysis version with question text.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.
This study is provided by Child Care & Early Education Research Connections.