Oklahoma School Readiness Reach-by-Risk Report, 2015 (ICPSR 36378)
Published: May 18, 2016
SummaryThe Oklahoma School Readiness Reach-by-Risk Report 2015 serves as the second publication in the series and updates data published in 2014. The Report is intended to provide policy makers and other early childhood education stakeholders with the most current data available on multiple school readiness risk factors across multiple domains, and the reach of services provided in each of the state's 77 counties. This Report is a continued effort to highlight counties whose children are at the greatest risk of starting kindergarten unprepared to learn, and counties that are underrepresented in terms of quality early childhood education and child care services. This report is divided into two main sections, Risk and Reach. The Risk section consists of an analysis of nine socioeconomic and demographic indicators found by empirical research to increase a county's risk for poor school preparedness. The Reach section assesses the county-level service density of six early childhood programs and services designed to contribute to the cognitive and social-emotional development of young children. This Report provides current data on factors that place children at risk of being unprepared for school compared to the reach of several services and programs that promote school readiness. New for 2015 is the analysis of changes in risk and reach classifications between 2014 and 2015, including risk rank percentile changes.
FundingUnited States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (90YE0149-01-01)
Subject Termsabused children child development child neglect early childhood education educational assessment poverty programs risk factors school readiness socialization socioeconomic status
Geographic CoverageUnited States Oklahoma
Smallest Geographic UnitOklahoma counties
Study PurposeThe purpose of the Oklahoma School Readiness Reach-by-Risk Report 2015 is to provide policy makers and other early childhood stakeholders with current data on factors that place children at risk of being unprepared for school and on the reach of services and programs that promote school readiness for each of the state's 77 counties.
Study DesignFor each indicator, data at the state and county levels were collected from multiple secondary sources and reported as proportions of relevant populations (e.g., percent of live births to mothers with low levels of education). Data were statistically analyzed using multivariate techniques to create components, or "sets" of factors that most closely correlated with each other and that significantly explained school readiness, with third-grade reading proficiency used as a proxy of readiness. Reach was assessed by requesting data for early education programs, such as Head Start (HS), Early Head Start (EHS) and the state's universal prekindergarten program; early childhood home visitation programs, such as SoonerStart, the state's IDEA Part C - Early Intervention program; other support programs such as Reach Out and Read; and child care services.
UniverseCounty-level data from Oklahoma on children who are under the age of six.
Unit(s) of Observation77 counties in the state of Oklahoma
- Oklahoma Association of Community Action Agencies, 2013-2014
- Oklahoma Department of Human Services (DHS), state fiscal year 2014.
- Oklahoma State Department of Education (OSDE), Fall 2012.
- Oklahoma State Department of Health (OSDH). Center for Health Statistics, Health Care Information, Vital Statistics, average for 2012 and 2013. Accessed at Oklahoma State Department of Health Web site.
- U.S. Census, American Community Survey, Age by ratio of income to poverty level in past 12 months, 2009-2013 five-year estimates.
- U.S. Census, American Community Survey, Own children under 18 years by family type and age, 2009-2013 five-year estimates.
- U.S. Census, American Community Survey, Sex by age, American Indian or Alaska Native, 2009-2013 five-year estimates.
- U.S. Census, American Community Survey, Sex by age, Hispanic or Latino, 2009-2013 five-year estimates.
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Head Start.
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Administration on Children, Youth and Families, Children's Bureau. (2015). Child Maltreatment 2013.Federal fiscal year
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Administration on Children, Youth and Families, Children's Bureau. (2012). The AFCARS Report: Preliminary FY 2012 Estimates as of July 2014, No. 21. Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS), federal fiscal year 2013.
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), Division of Vital Statistics, Natality public-use data 2007-2012, on CDC WONDER Online Database, November 2013. Low maternal education; young maternal age, 2011 and 2012.Accessed at the About Natality Web site.
Research Articles and Other Data Sources
- Mulligan, G. M., Hastedt, S., and McCarroll, J. C. (2012). First-time kindergartners in 2010-2011: First findings from the kindergarten rounds of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-2011 (ELCS-K: 2011) (NCES 2012-049). U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC: NCES. Academic year (AY) 2011-2011.
- Community Action Project (CAP) Tulsa, 2013-2014.
- Oklahoma Child Care Services, SFY 2014.
- Oklahoma Early Head Start programs, 2013-2014.
- Oklahoma Educare programs, 2013-2014.
- Oklahoma Head Start programs, 2013-2014.
- Oklahoma State Department of Education, 2013-2014.
- Oklahoma State Department of Education, fall enrollment, October 2013.
- Oklahoma State Department of Health, SFY 2014.
- Reach Out and Read, Oklahoma Chapter, FY 2014
- U.S. Census 2010
- U.S. Census, American Community Survey, Children under age 6 with working parents, 2009-2013
- U.S. Census Current Population Estimates, 2013 for total population for single year of age 3, 4 and age groups 0-2, 3-4, and 0-5.
Data Type(s)administrative records data, aggregate data, census/enumeration data
Description of Variables
Part one is devoted to the Risk indicator data, which is comprised of 11 variables. These variables contain data about child care, early education and child social services at the county-level. The variables largely measure county percentages of enrollment rates, service totals, and quality of care ratings within several of these programs.
Part two describes the Reach indicator data, which is comprised of 20 variables. These variables were assessed by requesting data for early education programs, such as Head Start (HS), Early Head Start (EHS) and the state's universal prekindergarten program; early childhood home visitation programs, such as Sooner-Start, the state's IDEA Part C Early Intervention Program; other support programs such as Reach Out and Read; and child care services. Reach data are compared to overall risk for poor school readiness for each county, which highlights counties with the greatest need for early childhood education and child care services relative to risk.
Original Release Date2016-05-18
2016-05-18 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Performed consistency checks.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.
This study is provided by Child Care & Early Education Research Connections.