Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) 1996 Panel (ICPSR 2625)
Version Date: Oct 30, 2003 View help for published
Summary View help for Summary
This data collection is part of a longitudinal survey designed to provide detailed information on the economic situation of households and persons in the United States. These data examine the distribution of income, wealth, and poverty in American society and gauge the effects of federal and state programs on the well-being of families and individuals.
There are three basic elements contained in the survey. The first is a control card that records basic social and demographic characteristics for each person in a household, as well as changes in such characteristics over the course of the interviewing period. These include age, sex, race, ethnic origin, marital status, household relationship, education, and veteran status. Limited data are provided on housing unit characteristics such as units in structure, tenure, access, and complete kitchen facilities. The second element is the core portion of the questionnaire, with questions repeated at each interview on labor force activity, types and amounts of income, and participation in various cash and noncash benefit programs for each month of the four-month reference period. Data for employed persons include number of hours and weeks worked, earnings, and weeks without a job. Nonworkers are classified as unemployed or not in the labor force. In addition to providing income data associated with labor force activity, the core questions cover nearly 50 other types of income. Core data also include postsecondary school attendance, public or private subsidized rental housing, low-income energy assistance, and school breakfast and lunch participation. The third element consists of topical modules, which are a series of supplemental questions asked during selected household visits.
Topical modules include some core data to link individuals to the core files.
The Wave 1 Topical Module covers recipiency and employment history. The Wave 2 Topical Module includes work disability, education and training, marital, migration, and fertility histories, and household relationships. The Wave 3 Topical Module covers medical expenses and utilization of health care, work-related expenses and child support, assets and liabilities, real estate, shelter costs, dependent care and vehicles, value of business, interest earning accounts, rental properties, stocks and mutual fund shares, mortgages, and other assets. The Wave 4 Topical Module covers disability, taxes, child care, and annual income and retirement accounts. Data in the Wave 5 Topical Module describe child support, school enrollment and financing, support for nonhousehold members, adult and child disability, and employer-provided health benefits. Data in the Wave 6 Topical Module provide information on medical expenses, work-related expenses and child support paid, assets and liabilities, real estate, shelter costs, dependent care and vehicles, value of business, interest-earning accounts, rental properties, stock and mutual fund shares, mortgages, other financial investments. Wave 7 Topical Module includes annual income and retirement accounts, home health care, retirement expectations and pension plan coverage, and taxes. Wave 8 Topical Module covers adult well-being and welfare reform. Wave 9 Topical Module is the same as Waves 3 and 6 Topical Modules. Wave 10 Topical Module focuses on work schedules, disablility, taxes, child care, and annual income and retirement. Wave 11 includes child support, support for nonhousehold members, and adult and child disability. Wave 12 Topical Module is the same as Waves 3, 6, and 9 but also includes child well-being.
Citation View help for Citation
Subject Terms View help for Subject Terms
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Sample View help for Sample
A multistage stratified sampling design was used. One-fourth of the sample households were interviewed each month, and households were reinterviewed at four-month intervals. All persons at least 15 years old who were present as household members at the time of the first interview were included for the entire study, except those who joined the military, were institutionalized for the entire study period, or moved from the United States. Original household members who moved during the study period were followed to their new residences and interviewed there. New persons moving into households of members of the original sample were also included in the survey, but were not followed if they left the household of an original sample person.
Universe View help for Universe
The resident population of the United States, excluding persons living in institutions and military barracks.
Data Source View help for Data Source
Method of Data Collection View help for Method of Data Collection
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Version History View help for Version History
- United States. Bureau of the Census. Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) 1996 Panel. ICPSR02625-v8. Washington, DC: United States. Bureau of the Census [producer], 1998. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2003-10-30. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02625.v1
2003-10-30 Replacing data for Parts 1-5, Wave 1 Core and Topical Module, Wave 2 Core and Topical Module, and Wave 3 Core. Replacing Part 4 Database Dictionary and Codebook. Replacing the Codebooks for Parts 6, 8, and 10, Waves 3, 4, 6 Topical Modules. Adding Parts 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, and 24, Waves 7-12 Topical Modules. This completes the 1996 Panel.
2001-12-21 Parts 10 and 12 (Waves 5 and 6 Topical Module Microdata Files) have been added, along with corresponding data dictionaries and PDF codebooks.
2001-11-27 Parts 6, 8, 19, 21, and 23 (Waves 3 and 4 Topical Modules and Waves 10-12 Core Microdata files) have been added, along with corresponding data dictionaries and PDF codebooks.
2001-11-21 Parts 6, 8, 19, 21, and 23 (Waves 3 and 4 Topical Modules and Waves 10-12 Core Microdata files) have been added, along with corresponding data dictionaries and PDF codebooks.
2001-05-09 Parts 13, 15, and 17 (Waves 7, 8, and 9 Core Microdata Files) have been added, along with corresponding data dictionaries and PDF codebooks. Also, the codebooks for Parts 9 and 11 (Waves 5 and 6 Core Microdata Files) have been added.
2000-09-11 Parts 7, 9, and 11, the Waves 4, 5, and 6 Core Microdata Files, have been added, along with corresponding data dictionaries and a PDF codebook for Part 7 only. Also, the data dictionaries and codebooks for Parts 2 and 4 (Waves 1 and 2 Topical Module Microdata Files) have been replaced.
2000-05-01 Part 4, Wave 2 Topical Module Microdata File, and Part 5, Wave 3 Core Microdata File, have been added, along with corresponding data dictionaries and PDF codebooks for each file.
Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.
- The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.