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Segregation at an early age: 2019 update [Executive summary]

Resource Type: Executive Summary
Author(s): Piazza, Peter; Frankenberg, Erica;
Date Issued: November, 2019
Publisher(s): Pennsylvania State University. Center for Education and Civil Rights
Description: In the midst of this social and demographic upheaval, Penn State's Center for Education and Civil Rights (CECR) presents data illustrating the current segregation of preschool children. After reviewing updated data on segregation trends, we outline a path toward preschool integration in an effort to tackle racial division at a critical time in the development of young children who, beginning at age two, "use race to interpret observed behavior and choose playmates." Drawing on 2015-16 Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC), this report analyzes 1.58 million children in 29,186 public educational institutions enrolling at least one preschool student. Comprising nearly 20% of all three- and four-year-olds in the country, CRDC data illustrate the varied racial composition of preschool students between states as a result of demographic differences and state policies supporting public preschool opportunities. (author abstract)
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Source: University Park: Pennsylvania State University, Center for Education and Civil Rights. Retrieved from
Topics: Children & Child Development > Child Characteristics > Race/Ethnicity

Children & Child Development > Children with Special Needs & Special Child Populations > Native Language

Child Care & Early Education Providers/Organizations > Sponsorship > Public School-Based
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