This study aims to examine the role of structural factors in parents', specifically immigrant parents', use of center-based early care and education (ECE). Children of immigrants are less likely to participate in center-based ECE compared with children of U.S.-born parents, in part due to their family characteristics (e.g., lower income and parental education level). Yet, it is possible that state child care subsidy policies and ECE supply contribute to the gap in center-based ECE participation. The first part of the study examines the associations between state Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) policies, particularly subsidy generosity and ease of application process, and center-based ECE participation among low-income children of immigrants. The second part of the study considers whether the availability of different types of ECE help explain the gap in center-based ECE participation between children of immigrants and children of U.S.-born parents.
Examining Access to and Participation in Early Care and Education among Children of Immigrants
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