Child Care and Early Education Research Connections

Skip to main content

Pre-kindergarten attendance matters: Early chronic absence patterns and relationships to learning outcomes

Consistent school attendance is a critical component of education. Although research suggests that high rates of absenteeism is a significant issue for many students, minimal evidence exists focusing on absences among the nation's youngest students -- those in pre-kindergarten. This study focused on students in a large, urban district and examined the prevalence of pre-kindergarten chronic absence for different student subgroups, its relationship to learning outcomes during pre-kindergarten, and its association with ongoing attendance patterns and learning outcomes through second grade. Results indicated that absence in pre-kindergarten was widespread, particularly among African American students and those who entered pre-kindergarten with the lowest skills. Chronically absent pre-kindergarten students--those who were absent 10% or more of their enrolled days--displayed lower levels of academic and behavioral kindergarten readiness and were more likely to be chronically absent in subsequent grades. By third grade, students chronically absent for multiple years exhibited the need for significant intervention to read at grade level. These findings suggest that providing supports to improve attendance in pre-kindergarten and early elementary years has the potential to reduce achievement gaps and redirect struggling students onto the pathway toward educational success. (author abstract)
Resource Type:
Reports & Papers
United States

Related resources include summaries, versions, measures (instruments), or other resources in which the current document plays a part. Research products funded by the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation are related to their project records.

- You May Also Like

These resources share similarities with the current selection. They are found by comparing the topic, author, and resource type of the currently selected resource to the rest of the library’s publications.

Distributional effects on children’s cognitive and social-emotional outcomes in the Head Start Impact Study: A quantile regression approach

Reports & Papersview

Digital self-administered assessments: The utility of touch screen tablets as a platform for engaging, early learner assessment

Reports & Papersview

The kindergarten hotspot: Literacy skill convergence between Boston prekindergarten enrollees and nonenrollees

Reports & Papersview
Release: 'v1.8.0' | Built: 2022-05-10 15:16:14 EDT