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Preschool math exposure in private center-based care and low-SES children's math development

Resource Type: Reports & Papers
Author(s): Bachman, Heather J.; Degol, Jessica L.; Elliott, Leanne; Scharphorn, Laura; El Nokali, Nermeen E.; Palmer, Kalani M.;
Date Issued: April, 2018
Description: Research Findings: The present study examined the amount of exposure to math activities that children of low socioeconomic status (SES) encounter in private community-based preschool classrooms and whether greater time in these activities predicted higher math skills. Three cohorts of 4- to 5-year-old children were recruited from 30 private centers, resulting in a sample of 288 children nested within 73 preschool classrooms. Classroom observations were conducted for 150 min during fall and winter of the preschool year using a time sampling method. Preschoolers were exposed to an average daily amount of 2 min (range = 0-23) of math exposure. Hierarchical linear models were run to examine associations between math exposure and math achievement. Children's exposure to math activities significantly and positively predicted their spring math scores, but associations between math exposure and math scores were stronger for children with lower initial cognitive abilities and self-regulation skills. Practice or Policy: Our findings revealed generally low levels of math instruction occurring in private child care centers primarily serving low-SES children. Even limited exposure to math activities predicted children's math skills, however, which highlights the importance of math content in these settings. (author abstract)
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Funder(s): Spencer Foundation ; University of Pittsburgh. Office of Research ; University of Pittsburgh. School of Education
Journal Title: Early Education and Development
Volume Number: 29
Issue Number: 3
Page Range: 417-434
Topics: Children & Child Development > Child Development & School Readiness > Early Math/Numeracy

Child Care & Early Education Providers/Organizations > Sponsorship > Community-Based
Country: United States
ISSN: 1040-9289 Paper
1556-6935 Online
Peer Reviewed: yes
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