Child Care and Early Education Research Connections

Skip to main content

Does universal preschool hit the target?: Program access and preschool impacts

Share
Description:
Despite substantial interest in preschool as a means of narrowing the achievement gap, little is known about how particular program attributes might influence the achievement gains of disadvantaged preschoolers. This paper uses survey data on a recent cohort to explore the mediating influence of one key program attribute -- whether disadvantage itself is a criterion for preschool admission. Taking advantage of age-eligibility rules to construct an instrument for attendance, I find that universal state-funded prekindergarten (pre-K) programs generate substantial positive effects on the reading scores of low-income 4 year olds. State pre-K programs targeted toward disadvantaged children do not. Differences in other pre-K program requirements and population demographics cannot explain the larger positive impacts of universal programs. The alternatives to universal and targeted state pre-K programs also do not significantly differ. Together, these findings suggest that universal preschools offer a relatively high-quality learning experience for low-income children not reflected in typical quality metrics. (author abstract)
Resource Type:
Reports & Papers
Author(s):
Country:
United States
State(s):
West Virginia; Wisconsin; Virginia; Texas; Tennessee; South Carolina; Oklahoma; New York; Maryland; Kansas; Illinois; Georgia; Florida; Colorado

Related resources include summaries, versions, measures (instruments), or other resources in which the current document plays a part. Research products funded by the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation are related to their project records.

- You May Also Like

These resources share similarities with the current selection. They are found by comparing the topic, author, and resource type of the currently selected resource to the rest of the library’s publications.

Effective State Offices of Early Learning: Structural features, enabling conditions, and key functions in four states

Reports & Papersview

Gains in language and cognitive scores among children in their first and second years of Head Start

Reports & Papersview

Understanding the cost to deliver high-quality publicly funded pre-kindergarten programs

Reports & Papersview