The role of cognitive stimulation at home in low-income preschoolers' nutrition, physical activity and body mass index

Resource Type: Reports & Papers
Author(s): Bosch, Saskia Op den; Duch, Helena;
Date Issued: 01 August, 2017
Description: Background: Early childhood obesity disproportionately affects children of low socioeconomic status. Children attending Head Start are reported to have an obesity rate of 17.9%.This longitudinal study aimed to understand the relationship between cognitive stimulation at home and intake of junk food, physical activity and body size, for a nationally representative sample of 3- and 4-year old children entering Head Start. Methods: We used The Family and Child Experiences Survey 2006. Cognitive stimulation at home was measured for 1905 children at preschool entry using items from the Home Observation Measurement of the Environment Short Form. Junk food consumption and physical activity were obtained from parent interviews at kindergarten entry. BMI z scores were based on CDC national standards. We analyzed the association between early cognitive stimulation and junk food consumption, physical activity and BMI, using multinomial and binary logistic regression on a weighted sample. Results: Children who received moderate levels of cognitive stimulation at home had a 1.5 increase in the likelihood of consuming low amounts of junk food compared to children from low cognitive stimulation environments. Children who received moderate and high levels of cognitive stimulation were two and three times, respectively, more likely to be physically active than those in low cognitive stimulation homes. No direct relationship was identified between cognitive stimulation and BMI. Conclusion: Prevention and treatment efforts to address early childhood obesity may consider strategies that support parents in providing cognitively stimulating home environments. Existing evidence-based programs can guide intervention in pediatric primary care. (author abstract)
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Funder(s): National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (U.S.) ; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
Journal Title: BMC Pediatrics
Volume Number: 17
Issue Number:
Page Range:
Note: Article number 178
Topics: Children & Child Development > Child Development & School Readiness > Physical Development & Growth

Programs, Interventions & Curricula > Programs > Early Head Start/Head Start
Country: United States
ISSN: 1471-2431 Online
Peer Reviewed: yes
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Related Datasets

Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES): 2006 Cohort [United States]


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