Child Care and Early Education Research Connections

Skip to main content

Stability and change in teacher-infant interaction quality over time

Given that an increasing number of infants spend part of the day in center-based childcare in many countries, understanding infants' education and care experiences in these settings is essential. The aims of this study are to examine change in teacher-infant interaction quality over time, and to determine the extent to which teacher and classroom structural characteristics are associated with change in teacher-infant interaction quality. Ninety infant childcare classrooms from the greater metropolitan area of Porto, Portugal, participated in this study. Each classroom was observed twice (6-month interval between Time 1 and Time 2) by trained and reliable observers using the Infant/Toddler Environment Rating Scale - Revised (ITERS-R; Harms et al., 2006), the Classroom Assessment Scoring System - Infant (CLASS-Infant; Hamre et al., 2014), and the Caregiver Interaction Scale (CIS; Arnett, 1989). Additionally, teachers provided demographic information about themselves and structural characteristics of the classroom. Overall results indicated that the quality of teacher-infant interactions changed over time, with a general trend toward lower quality at Time 2. The increase in infant:adult ratio from Time 1 to Time 2 was an important predictor of process quality levels at Time 2, after controlling for prior quality and other structural characteristics. These findings can be informative for policymaking as group size and number of adults per classroom are regulated features of childcare in many countries, including Portugal. (author abstract)
Resource Type:
Reports & Papers

Related resources include summaries, versions, measures (instruments), or other resources in which the current document plays a part. Research products funded by the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation are related to their project records.

- You May Also Like

These resources share similarities with the current selection. They are found by comparing the topic, author, and resource type of the currently selected resource to the rest of the library’s publications.

Teacher-child relationship quality and beyond: Unpacking quality in Early Head Start classrooms in 2018

Reports & Papersview

Early child care experiences and attachment representations at age 18 years: Evidence from the NICHD study of early child care and youth development

Reports & Papersview

The state of early childhood education & pre-kindergarten Arkansas

Reports & Papersview
Release: 'v1.13.0' | Built: 2022-08-08 12:44:31 EDT