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The impact of program structure on cortisol patterning in children attending out-of-home child care

Resource Type: Reports & Papers
Author(s): Lumian, Daniel; Dmitrieva, Julia; Mendoza, Marina M.; Badanes, Lisa S.; Watamura, Sarah;
Date Issued: Q1 2016
Description: Full-day center-based child care has repeatedly been associated with rising levels of cortisol, a hormone that helps the body manage challenge, across the day at child care. This article presents findings from two studies examining the relationship between child care program structure (number of days per week, and hours per day) and cortisol production across the day. Study 1 presents findings comparing cortisol production in 3- to 5-year-old children enrolled in either full-day (N = 55) or half-day (N = 63) Head-Start-funded programs. Study 2 presents findings comparing young children enrolled in either full-day full-time (5 days per week; N = 37) or full-day part-time (2-3 days/week; N = 41) primarily tuition-funded programs. Using multilevel modeling and controlling for a number of child factors, attending full-day, full-time programs (as compared to either half-day or part-time programs) was associated with increased cortisol production across the day on child care and home days. Implications for early childhood educators are discussed. (author abstract)
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Funder(s): National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (U.S.) ; Foundation for Child Development
Journal Title: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
Volume Number: 34
Issue Number: 1
Page Range: 92-103
Topics: Children & Child Development > Child Characteristics > Time In Child Care

Children & Child Development > Child Development & School Readiness > Physical Development & Growth
Country: United States
ISSN: 1873-7706 Online
0885-2006 Paper
Peer Reviewed: yes
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