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The effect of Early Head Start on child welfare system involvement: A first look at longitudinal child maltreatment outcomes

Resource Type: Reports & Papers
Author(s): Green, Beth L.; Ayoub, Catherine; Bartlett, Jessica Dym; Von Ende, Adam; Furrer, Carrie Jean; Chazan-Cohen, Rachel; Vallotton, Claire; Klevens, Joanne;
Date Issued: July, 2014
Description: The high societal and personal costs of child maltreatment make identification of effective early prevention programs a high research priority. Early Head Start (EHS), a dual generational program serving low-income families with children prenatally through age three years, is one of the largest federally funded programs for infants and toddlers in the United States. A national randomized trial found EHS to be effective in improving parent and child outcomes, but its effectiveness in reducing child maltreatment was not assessed. The current study used administrative data from state child welfare agencies to examine the impact of EHS on documented abuse and neglect among children from seven of the original seventeen programs in the national EHS randomized controlled trial. Results indicated that children in EHS had significantly fewer child welfare encounters between the ages of five and nine years than did children in the control group, and that EHS slowed the rate of subsequent encounters. Additionally, compared to children in the control group, children in EHS were less likely to have a substantiated report of physical or sexual abuse, but more likely to have a substantiated report of neglect. These findings suggest that EHS may be effective in reducing child maltreatment among low-income children, in particular, physical and sexual abuse. (author abstract)
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Funder(s): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
Journal Title: Children and Youth Services Review
Volume Number: 42
Issue Number:
Page Range: 127-135
Topics: Parents & Families

Child Care & Early Education Market > Economic & Societal Impact > Crime Prevention

Programs, Interventions & Curricula > Programs > Early Head Start/Head Start
Country: United States
ISSN: 0190-7409 Paper
1873-7765 Online
Peer Reviewed: yes
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Related Resources

what is this? Related Resources include summaries, versions, or components of the currently selected resource, documents encompassing or employing it, or datasets/measures used in its creation.

Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project (EHSRE) Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
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Related Datasets

Early Head Start Research and Evaluation (EHSRE) Study, 1996-2010: [United States]


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