Child Care and Early Education Research Connections

Skip to main content

Learning experiences vary across young children in the same classroom: Evidence from the individualizing student instruction measure in the Boston Public Schools


Classroom-level quality measures are widely used in early education settings but may mask important variation in learning experiences across children in the same classroom. This study investigates this possibility using detailed data from an observational measure of individual children’s learning experiences – Individualizing Student Instruction (ISI). We also examine two other suggested directions for improving early childhood measurement – measuring specific content and learning formats. Our sample includes 263 prekindergarteners and 390 kindergarteners (M age=5.2; 51% female; 20% Asian; 20% Black; 32% Latino; 24% White; 4% Other). We found that learning experiences differed substantially across young children enrolled in the same classroom and across student subgroups, particularly for some learning content areas and learning formats. However, this variation did not consistently predict children’s language, literacy, math, or executive function gains. The exception was a small relation between time off-task and math gains in both grades, though these findings are sensitive to which math measure is used. Findings underscore the need for more measurement work in early education settings, including development and validation of new instruments and rigorous psychometric studies of existing measures. (author abstract)

Resource Type:
Reports & Papers
United States

Related resources include summaries, versions, measures (instruments), or other resources in which the current document plays a part. Research products funded by the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation are related to their project records.

- You May Also Like

These resources share similarities with the current selection.

Prek-3rd: Next steps for state longitudinal data systems

Fact Sheets & Briefs

Early childhood education professional development: Adult education glossary


Long term impacts of compensatory preschool on health and behavior: Evidence from Head Start

Reports & Papers

Adult outcomes as a function of an early childhood educational program: An Abecedarian Project follow-up

Reports & Papers
Release: 'v1.25.0' | Built: 2023-02-16 16:36:50 EST