The United States lags behind its peer countries in government spending on children and families, ranking 36th out of the 38 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development member countries in 2019. Adequate supply of high-quality child care is especially a concern in socially and economically marginalized communities, particularly communities in rural settings. In fact, nearly 60 percent of rural communities in the US are classified as child care deserts, defined as areas with an insufficient supply of licensed providers (Malik et al. 2018). The COVID-19 pandemic has only exacerbated these issues, and now policymakers are considering fundamental changes to the child care infrastructure to ensure an inclusive recovery. To inform policymakers in reforming the child care sector, the Urban Institute conducted a landscape scan of innovative policies from abroad, identifying the Australian Community Child Care Fund (CCCF) as a program that could offer valuable lessons. (author abstract)
Stabilizing child care supply through a new funding mechanism
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