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National Study of Child Care for Low-Income Families: Patterns of child care use among low-income families: Draft
United States. Administration for Children and Families, 2001
Cambridge, MA: Abt Associates

A study of families' decisions regarding employment and child care arrangements, examining variations by child's age, mother's race, and other family characteristics, and assessing the impact of child care subsidies and other state policies on families' choices

Reports & Papers


A fragile foundation: State child care assistance policies
Schulman, Karen, 2001
Washington, DC: Children's Defense Fund. (No longer accessible as of December 7, 2012).

A report on state-level child care assistance policies and changes that have occurred between 1995 and 2001, examining the impact of policies on families' access to care and child care choices.

Reports & Papers


Locked doors: States struggling to meet the child care needs of low-income working families
Adams, Gina, 1998
Washington, DC: Children's Defense Fund

A study on the demand for affordable quality childcare in the United States

Reports & Papers


Poised for shaping results-based early learning systems: A report on child care resource and referral in the United States
Smith, Linda K., June, 2003
Washington, DC: National Association of Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies. (No longer accessible as of September 12, 2012)

A national study of child care resource and referral agencies, including services provided to parents and providers, sources and levels of agency funding, and agency data collecting activities, based on a survey of state child care resource and referral agencies

Reports & Papers


Poverty and patterns of child care
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 1997
In G. J. Duncan & J. Brooks-Gunn (Eds.), Consequences of growing up poor (pp. 100-131). New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

A discussion of infant child care experience, particularly the effects of family characteristics on hours spent in care, family income and poverty status, and whether these can accurately predict patterns of child care

Reports & Papers


Increasing state investments in early care and education: Lessons learned from advocates and best practices
Annie E. Casey Foundation, Spring 2008
Washington, DC: Voices for America's Children.

A discussion of lessons learned and future guidance resulting from child advocates' successful efforts in 10 states to increase public funding for early care and education programs, based on interviews with representatives of child advocacy organizations

Reports & Papers


Parenting and family influences when children are in child care: Results from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2002
In Parenting and the child's world: Influences on academic, intellectual, and social-emotional development. Monographs in parenting series (pp. 99-123). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates

A study of the relationship between parenting and family influences in understanding preschoolersí socio-emotional and cognitive development based on data collected from the National Institute for Child Health and Development

Reports & Papers


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Child care in the American South: Poverty, costs, and quality
Collins, Vikki K., Spring 2012
Early Childhood Research & Practice, 14(1)

A study of the relationship between the use of Quality Rating and Improvement Systems (QRIS) in southern states and family poverty, child care costs, and a variety of related socioeconomic variables, based on data from the National Association of Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies (NACCRRA) and the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics in 2010, for 14 southern states

Reports & Papers


Coming together for children with disabilities: State collaboration to support quality, inclusive child care
Mezey, Jennifer, 2003
Washington, DC: Center for Law and Social Policy.

A study of state policies which would provide special education and early intervention services to low-income children with disabilities in child care programs

Reports & Papers


Child care under the Family Support Act: Early lessons from the states
Children's Defense Fund (U.S.), 1992
Washington, DC: Children's Defense Fund

A study of the Head Start programís effects on disadvantaged rural students development compared with non-Head Start rural students, based on results from the analysis of variance studies in testing of 144 children in Mississippi enrolled in Head Start I and Head Start II programs, and a non-Head Start control group

Reports & Papers


Building partnerships between Early Head Start grantees and family child care providers: Lessons from the Early Head Start for Family Child Care project: Final report
United States. Office of Head Start, 12 December, 2011
Washington, DC: U.S. Office of Head Start.

An evaluation of Early Head Start (EHS) for Family Child Care, a project to support partnerships between EHS grantees and family child care providers, that examines the characteristics of participating grantees and providers, the implementation, types, and sustainability of the partnerships, and lessons learned, based on project administrative data, interviews with 13 partnership teams, descriptive quality indicators and Head Start Program Information Report (PIR) data, and project documents

Reports & Papers


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Familial factors associated with the characteristics of nonmaternal care for infants
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 1997
Journal of Marriage and the Family, 59(2), 389-408

An analysis of the familial, social, economic, and psychological factors associated with child care type and quality for infants, using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care

Reports & Papers


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Relations between family predictors and child outcomes: Are they weaker for children in child care?
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 1998
Developmental Psychology, 34(5), 1119-1128

An analysis of the mediating effect of nonparental child care on the influence of family factors on infant and toddler cognitive and behavioral development using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care

Reports & Papers


All together now: State experiences in using community-based child care to provide pre-kindergarten
Schumacher, Rachel, 2005
Washington, DC: Center for Law and Social Policy.

A discussion of the findings from a survey of 29 states conducted by the Center for Law and Social Policy (CLASP), which examined the policies, opportunities, and challenges associated with including community based child care providers as part of the states' prekindergarten programs

Reports & Papers


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Teacher-child interaction and child-care auspices as predictors of social outcomes in infants, toddlers, and preschoolers
McCartney, Kathleen, 1997
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 43(3), 426-450

A study of the association between teacher-child interaction and children's social outcomes in infants and toddlers enrolled in 120 faith-based, for-profit and nonprofit center-based child care in three states (Massachusetts, Virginia, and Georgia)

Reports & Papers


Child care in the first year of life [Abridged]
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2005
In Child care and child development: Results from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (pp. 39-49). New York: Guilford Press

A description of child care during the first 12 months of life, including initiation and amount of infant child care, child care history patterns during the first year, and the types, multiplicity, and stability of care used by parents of infants over the course of the first year, based on data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care

Reports & Papers


Minimum preservice qualifications and annual ongoing training hours for center teaching roles in 2011
National Center on Child Care Quality Improvement, May, 2013
(No. 542). Fairfax, VA: National Center on Child Care Quality Improvement.

Findings on teachers' and master teachers' preservice qualification and training requirements from a study of state child care licensing requirements and policies, based on a survey of state child care licensing agencies and a compilation of state licensing requirements

Reports & Papers


School readiness: A multifaceted, developmental approach
Williams, Shannon, 2007
Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of California, Davis

A study of patterns of children's school readiness, the relationship of children's early child care experiences to their school readiness and success, the relationship of children's school readiness to their school success, and the role of family risk factors in children's school readiness, based on analysis of data for 1,364 children from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development

Reports & Papers


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Child care in the first year of life
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 1997
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 43(3), 340-360

An analysis of the hours, type, and stability of child care used in infants' first year of life based on data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care

Reports & Papers


Preschool education in Virginia and the resulting academic effects for third- and fifth-grade at-risk students
Randall, Pamela P., 2010
Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Liberty University, Lynchburg, VA

A longitudinal comparison of the academic achievement of the at risk students who either did or did not attend a Virginia Preschool Initiative program, based on an analysis of third- and fifth-grade math and reading scores on the Standards of Learning tests

Reports & Papers


Early child care and children's peer interaction at 24 and 36 months [Abridged]
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2005
In Child care and child development: Results from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (pp. 281-296). New York: Guilford Press

An abridged reprint of a study of how time spent in child care, child care quality, and availability of peers relate to children's peer social competence at 23 and 36 months, using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care

Reports & Papers


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Child-care usage and mother-infant ''quality time''
Booth-LaForce, Cathryn L., 2002
Journal of Marriage and the Family, 64(1), 16-26

A study of motherís time use and mother-infant interaction in families where infants spent more than 30 hours pet week in child care vs. 0 hours per week from birth to age 6 months

Reports & Papers


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Child care and children's peer interaction at 24 and 36 months: The NICHD Study of Early Child Care
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2001
Child Development, 72(5), 1478-1500

A study of how time spent in child care, child care quality, and availability of peers relate to children's peer social competence at 23 and 36 months, using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care

Reports & Papers


Familial factors associated with the characteristics of nonmaternal care for infants [Abridged]
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2005
In Child care and child development: Results from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (pp. 109-126). New York: Guilford Press

An examination of the associations between four aspects of nonmaternal infant child care, age of entry, amount, type, and quality, and preexisting family characteristics, economics, and psychosocial factors

Reports & Papers


Before Head Start: Income and ethnicity, family characteristics, child care experiences, and child development [Abridged]
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2005
In Child care and child development: Results from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (pp. 127-139). New York: Guilford Press

A description of demographic, family context, income, and developmental characteristics of Head Start children and their families at 3 years of age, based on data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care

Reports & Papers


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Research Connections is supported by grant #90YE0104 from the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The contents are solely the responsibility of the National Center for Children in Poverty and the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research and do not necessarily represent the official views of the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, the Administration for Children and Families, or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

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