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Assessing the New Federalism
Weil, Alan,
Washington, DC: Urban Institute

A multi-year, multi-pronged project that analyzes state policy choices, including policy development and implementation, and family well-being in the context of the significant devolution of responsibility for social programs from the federal government to the states

Major Research Projects


Assessing quality in family, friend and neighbor care: The Child Care Assessment Tool for Relatives
Porter, Toni, 2006
New York: Bank Street College of Education, Institute for a Child Care Continuum. (No longer accessible as of October 10, 2012).

A paper describing the Child Care Assessment Tool for Relatives, an instrument designed to measure quality of child care provided by relatives, in terms of its development and the results of a field test where it was used with low income relative caregivers

Reports & Papers


Better for babies: A study of state infant and toddler child care policies
Schmit, Stephanie, August, 2013
Washington, DC: Center for Law and Social Policy.

A study of state policies related to infant and toddler child care, including subsidies, licensing, quality, workforce, professional development, health, family support, and infant-toddler initiatives, based on a survey of state child care administrators

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Building on the promise: State initiatives to expand access to Early Head Start for young children and their families
Schumacher, Rachel, April, 2008
Washington, DC: Center for Law and Social Policy.

Congress' reauthorization of Head Start and Early Head Start in 2007, when fully funded, will present new opportunities for building on and expanding EHS that states should capture. Some states have taken action to expand and enhance Early Head Start services for infants, toddlers, and their families. This brief is an in-depth study of these state efforts, and includes an analysis of the lessons learned from state experiences and recommendations to help other states expand the reach of Early Head Start. (author abstract)

Reports & Papers


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Can child care assistance in welfare and employment programs support the employment of low-income families?
Gennetian, Lisa A., 2004
Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 23(4), 723-743

An investigation of different welfare and employment programs with child care assistance policies and their effects on employment rates and child care decisions of low income families

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The challenges of change: Learning from the child care and early education experiences of immigrant families
Matthews, Hannah, May, 2007
Washington, DC: Center for Law and Social Policy.

A study of the child care and early education participation of children of immigrants and barriers to accessing child care and early education services for immigrant families, based on interviews with local leaders, policymakers, child care and early education service providers, and immigrant parents conducted during community site visits

Reports & Papers


Child care arrangements for children under five: Variation across states
Capizzano, Jeffrey, 2000
(Series B, No. B-7). Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

A study of the primary child care arrangements of children under five whose mothers are employed, as well as of the variations in patterns of child care arrangements by state, by the child's age, and by the income status of the child's family.

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Child care expenses of America's families
Giannarelli, Linda, 2000
(Occasional Paper No. 40). Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

A study of the child care expenses of working families with children under age 13, with particular attention to low-income families.

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Child care quality: Centers and home settings that serve poor families
Fuller, Bruce, 2004
Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 19(4), 505-527

A multi-site, longitudinal study examining the quality of child care settings chosen by low-income mothers enrolled in welfare-to-work programs

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Child care subsidies and leaving welfare: Policy issues and strategies
Adams, Gina, 2006
Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

The second part of a three-part study of the interaction between state and local welfare-to-work programs and child care assistance programs, focusing on child care subsidy use by parents in transition from TANF to employment

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Child care subsidies for TANF families: The nexus of systems and policies
Adams, Gina, 2006
Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

First of a three-part study of the interaction between state and local welfare-to-work programs and child care assistance programs, focusing on administrative structures, protocols and interagency coordination as they affect TANF parents

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Custodial grandmothers' physical, mental, and economic well-being: Comparisons of primary caregivers from low-income neighborhoods
Bachman, Heather J., 2005
Family Relations, 54(4), 475-487

A study of the implications of custodial grandparent care by comparing the material hardship, mental health, and physical well-being of custodial grandmothers and biological mothers using data from Welfare, Children, and Families: A Three-City Study

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Does child care assistance matter?: The effects of welfare and employment programs on child care for preschool- and young school-aged children
Crosby, Danielle A., 2001
(The Next Generation Working Paper Series No. 3). New York: MDRC.

An examination of the effects of welfare and employment policies on child care outcomes for single parents, and their preschool- to young school-aged children, using data from experimental programs implemented between the late 1980s and the mid-1990s

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Doting on kids: Understanding quality in kith and kin child care
Porter, Toni, 2003
New York: Bank Street College of Education, Institute for a Child Care Continuum. (No longer accessible as of December 10, 2012).

A report on kith and kin child care providers' perceptions of child care quality

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The effects of welfare and employment policies on child care use by low-income young mothers
Gassman-Pines, Anna, 2003
(Next Generation Working Paper Series No. 19). New York: MDRC.

A study examining the welfare and employer child care policies on low income young mothers, using data from the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies (NEWWS), Florida?s Family Transition Program (FTP) and the Minnesota?s Family Investment Program (MFIP)

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Ensuring quality care for low-income babies: Contracting directly with providers to expand and improve infant and toddler care
Matthews, Hannah, July, 2008
(Child Care and Early Education Series Paper No. 3). Washington, DC: Center for Law and Social Policy.

This paper explores the potential of contracts to address issues of supply and quality in the provision of infant and toddler child care. CLASP interviewed policymakers in five states to understand why and how they use contracts in their state child care subsidy programs for infant and toddler care. CLASP also interviewed representatives of contracted providers. We discussed their thoughts on whether and how contracts could be used to increase quality or supply of infant and toddler child care, as well as implementation challenges and their suggestions for policy changes that would improve the contracts approach. This paper presents the findings of these discussions and offers guidance for other states considering using contracts in this way. (author abstract)

Reports & Papers


Getting and retaining child care assistance: How policy and practice influence parents experiences
Adams, Gina, 2002
(Occasional Paper No. 55). Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

A study of parents' interaction with the child care subsidy system and how state and local subsidy policies and practices affect parents' experiences. Particular attention is paid to the process of applying for and retaining subsidies.

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Getting organized: Unionizing home-based child care providers
Chalfie, Deborah, 2007
Washington, DC: National Women's Law Center.

An examination of statewide efforts to allow home-based child care workers, including licensed family child care providers and regulation-exempt family, friend, and neighbor caregivers receiving subsidies, to join unions

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Growing Up in Poverty Project 
Fuller, Bruce,
Berkeley, CA: Policy Analysis for California Education

A longitudinal study of the effects of mothers moving from welfare-to-work on their economic well-being, home environment, child care quality and use, and their young children's early development

Major Research Projects


The hours that children under five spend in child care: Variation across states
Capizzano, Jeffrey, 2000
(Series B, No. B-8). Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

A study of the number of hours that children under five spent in child care while their mothers were at work and the variations in child care use by state, by the child's age, and by the income status of the child's family.

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New lives for poor families?: Mothers and young children move through welfare reform: The Growing Up in Poverty Project: Wave 2 findings: California, Connecticut, and Florida: Technical report
Fuller, Bruce, 2002
Berkeley: Policy Analysis for California Education.

A study of the long-term effects of welfare reform on mothers' employment, children's development, and family well-being among a sample of mothers and preschool-age children who entered new welfare programs in California, Connecticut, and Florida

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Nonstandard schedules and young children's behavioral outcomes among working low-income families
Joshi, Pamela, February 2007
Journal of Marriage and the Family, 69(1), 139-156

An examination of how mothers' nonstandard night, weekend, or rotating work schedules affect their preschool children's behavior

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The number of child care arrangements used by children under five: Variation across states
Capizzano, Jeffrey, 2000
(Series B, No. B-12). Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

A study of the consistent weekly use of multiple child care arrangements by employed mothers of preschool children, examining variations by state, child age, and family income level, and analyzing combinations of child care types, based on data from the 1997 National Survey of America's Families (NSAF)

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Predictors of paternal involvement for resident and nonresident low-income fathers
Coley, Rebekah L., 2006
Developmental Psychology, 42(6), 1041-1056

An evaluation of a conceptual model assessing how child, father, and mother characteristics predict paternal involvement in low-income families

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Standardized childhood: The political and cultural struggle over early education
Fuller, Bruce, 2007
Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press

An examination of the debate surrounding the state-run expansion and standardization of preschool, based on ethnographic classroom-based research, case studies of universal preschool programs in Oklahoma and Los Angeles, and a critical review of empirical research

Reports & Papers


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Research Connections is supported by grant #90YE0104 from the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The contents are solely the responsibility of the National Center for Children in Poverty and the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research and do not necessarily represent the official views of the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, the Administration for Children and Families, or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

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