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1.

2006 Louisiana KIDS COUNT special report on child care
Agenda for Children,
New Orleans, LA: Agenda for Children.

An exploration of the early childhood education and care system in Louisiana, including information on child care quality, the economic impact of the child care market, the early childhood workforce, and children's outcomes, and also a profile of available regulated and unregulated child care programs in all 64 parishes of Louisiana

Reports & Papers

2.

Accountability comes to preschool: Florida's approach to evaluating pre-kindergarten programs based on their graduates' kindergarten assessments
Miller, Luke; Bassok, Daphna; Johnson, Amanda J.; et al., September, 2015
Charlottesville: University of Virginia, EdPolicyWorks.

This policy brief describes one state's experience using child assessment data to evaluate the quality of early childhood providers. In 2005, Florida introduced its Voluntary Prekindergarten (VPK) program, a free, universal preschool initiative. VPK currently serves about 75 percent of the state's 4-year-olds, and is a national leader with respect to preschool access. Since its inception, Florida has evaluated the quality of VPK programs based on their participants' score on an assessment administered at the beginning of kindergarten. This memo describes Florida's unique approach to program-level accountability and also highlights some potential unintended consequences of Florida's early childhood accountability system. In particular, we focus on the lack of a pre-test and the related possibility of mislabeling programs "low performing." (author abstract)

Fact Sheets & Briefs

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3.

Affordability and accessibility of child care in Virginia
Action Alliance for Virginia's Children and Youth,
(Critical Issues in Child Care White Paper No. 2). Richmond: Action Alliance for Virginia's Children and Youth.

A study of the affordability, accessibility, and sources and methods of funding child care in Virginia

Other

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4.

Afterschool programs in Vermont: Supporting success for all students
Voices for Vermont's Children, March, 2010
Montpelier, VT: Voices for Vermont's Children.

An overview of the features of high-quality after school programs, with a discussion of examples from Vermont

Fact Sheets & Briefs

5.

All Our Kin New Haven program: Family child care: Assessment and policy recommendations
Weiser, John; Sussman, Carl, December, 2013
New Haven, CT: All Our Kin.

With funding from the Annie E. Casey Foundation, All Our Kin contracted with John Weiser, Executive Director of Opportunities Exchange, and Carl Sussman, Principal of Sussman Associates, to conduct an assessment of All Our Kin's impact on the family child care providers it serves, and on the well-being of families and community. This report provides our findings and recommendations regarding family child care providers. (author abstract)

Reports & Papers

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6.

All Our Kin New Haven program: Family child care: Assessment and policy recommendations [Executive summary]
Weiser, John; Sussman, Carl, December, 2013
New Haven, CT: All Our Kin.

With funding from the Annie E. Casey Foundation, All Our Kin contracted with John Weiser, Executive Director of Opportunities Exchange, and Carl Sussman, Principal of Sussman Associates, to conduct an assessment of All Our Kin's impact on the family child care providers it serves, and on the well-being of families and community. This report provides our findings and recommendations regarding family child care providers. (author abstract)

Executive Summary

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7.

Almost like family: Family child care
Harper Browne, Charlyn, October 2009
Washington, DC: Center for the Study of Social Policy.

An examination of family child care practices and efforts that promote factors associated with the prevention of child abuse and neglect, based on a literature review and surveys, focus groups, and site visits with family child care providers

Reports & Papers

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8.

Are Denver's communities ready for kids?: A brief for individuals and organizations working to improve child outcomes in Denver, Colorado
Barry, Matthew; Buckley, Pamela; Montagu, Lisa; et al., September, 2008
Washington, DC: Urban Institute, National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership.

An analysis of neighborhood indicators to determine Denver, Colorado's ability to prepare children to enter school ready to learn and succeed, including information on family demographics, availability of early childhood programs, and children's academic achievement

Reports & Papers

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9.

Are Denver's communities ready for kids?: A brief for individuals and organizations working to improve child outcomes in Denver, Colorado [Executive summary]
Barry, Matthew; Buckley, Pamela; Montagu, Lisa; et al., September, 2008
Washington, DC: Urban Institute, National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership.

A summary of an analysis of neighborhood indicators to determine Denver, Colorado's ability to prepare children to enter school ready to learn and succeed, including information on family demographics, availability of early childhood programs, and children's academic achievement

Executive Summary

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10.

Assessing factors influencing school readiness
Coulton, Claudia J.; Fischer, Robert Louis, June, 2008
Washington, DC: Urban Institute, National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership.

A discussion of opportunities to improve the delivery of programs and services through the early childhood system in Cuyahoga County, Ohio through the provision of more services to at-risk children and families and the strategic location of services

Reports & Papers

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11.

Assessing the New Federalism
Weil, Alan,
Washington, DC: Urban Institute

A multi-year, multi-pronged project that analyzes state policy choices, including policy development and implementation, and family well-being in the context of the significant devolution of responsibility for social programs from the federal government to the states

Major Research Projects

12.

Assessing the New Federalism: Eight years later
Golden, Olivia, 2005
Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

A compilation of findings from Assessing the New Federalism (ANF), a longitudinal survey-based project analyzing the effects of welfare reform in 1997, 1999, and 2002

Reports & Papers

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13.

Attending kindergarten and already behind: A statistical portrait of vulnerable young children
Wertheimer, Richard; Hair, Elizabeth C.; Croan, Tara; et al., 2003
(Research Brief No. 2003-20). Washington, DC: Child Trends.

An analysis of vulnerable kindergarten students during the 1998-1999 school year using data from the nationally representative Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Cohort.

Fact Sheets & Briefs

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14.

Better for babies: A study of state infant and toddler child care policies
Schmit, Stephanie; Matthews, Hannah, August, 2013
Washington, DC: Center for Law and Social Policy.

A study of state policies related to infant and toddler child care, including subsidies, licensing, quality, workforce, professional development, health, family support, and infant-toddler initiatives, based on a survey of state child care administrators

Reports & Papers

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15.

Better strategies for babies: Strengthening the caregivers and families of infants and toddlers
Gilman, Elizabeth; Collins, Ann, February 2000
(Children and Welfare Reform Issue Brief No. 7). New York: Columbia University, National Center for Children in Poverty.

An overview of state and local efforts to provide assistance to low income parents, currently in or moving into the workforce, in the areas of infant and toddler child care, healthy parent child relationships, and economic security

Fact Sheets & Briefs

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16.

Breaking the piggy bank: Parents and the high price of child care
Mohan, Erin; Reef, Grace; Sarkar, Mousumi; et al., 2006
Arlington, VA: National Association of Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies.

A compilation of data from a nationwide survey on the impacts of child care affordability on parents

Reports & Papers

17.

Breaking the piggy bank: Parents and the high price of child care [Executive summary]
Mohan, Erin; Reef, Grace; Sarkar, Mousumi; et al., 2006
Arlington, VA: National Association of Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies.

A summary of a compilation of data from a nationwide survey on the impacts of child care affordability on parents

Executive Summary

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18.

Bringing it together: State-driven community early childhood initiatives
Miller, Laurie; Blank, Helen; Melaville, Atelia; et al., 2002
Washington, DC: Children's Defense Fund.

An account of what states and communities can do to successfully implement community based early childhood initiatives and experiences from states already using this approach

Other

19.

Building culturally & linguistically competent services to support young children, their families, and school readiness
Hepburn, Kathy Seitzinger, 2004
Baltimore: Annie E. Casey Foundation.

A guide to help communities build culturally and linguistically competent services within preschools to increase the rate of young children's school readiness

Other

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20.

Building the foundation for bright futures: Final report of the NGA task force on school readiness
National Governors' Association, 2005
Washington, DC: National Governors' Association.

A discussion of the actions that governors and states can take to support families, schools, and communities in their efforts to ensure that all children start school ready to reach their full potential

Other

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21.

Building the foundation for bright futures: A governor's guide to school readiness
National Governors' Association. Center for Best Practices, 2005
Washington, DC: National Governors' Association, Center for Best Practices.

A discussion of the definition of school readiness and the issues and steps involved in making and implementing state school readiness policies

Other

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22.

Building a foundation for success
Bernstein, Jeff; Schuster, Luc, 07 April, 2014
Boston: Massachusetts Budget and Policy Center.

In this report we explore the current landscape of early education and care in Massachusetts, looking at where kids are served and identifying groups of children receiving no formal care at all. Based on our estimates of which children are being served in what settings, we then cost out a range of options for expanding and improving early education and care for these three and four year olds in Massachusetts. (author abstract)

Other

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23.

Building management information systems to coordinate afterschool programs: A toolkit for cities
Kingsley, Chris, 2012
Washington, DC: Institute for Youth, Education, and Families.

This report describes a number of the most promising approaches to building afterschool management information systems. It is a compendium of "what works," containing numerous examples of efforts led by different city departments, nonprofit intermediaries, schools and foundations. These examples include both self-built and commercial systems. Several of the systems profiled here are being developed as comprehensive databases of youth services while others are narrowly targeted to participation in afterschool programs. (author abstract)

Other

24.

Building our future: The state of Virginia's early childhood system
Rasmussen, Ann, October, 2011
Richmond, VA: Voices for Virginia's Children.

An overview of features of the early childhood system in Virginia, including governance, infrastructure, and early care and education program accessibility and quality

Other

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25.

Building strong foundations: Pre-k, strong communities and a strong economy
Idaho Kids Count (Program); Idaho Association for the Education of Young Children, March, 2014
Boise, ID: Idaho Kids Count.

Currently, Idaho does not invest in early education, except in the case of special needs children. This brief outlines how increased access to early education in Idaho would increase student achievement, strengthen communities, and save public dollars. (author abstract)

Fact Sheets & Briefs

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26.

Business and child care
Action Alliance for Virginia's Children and Youth, 2001
(Critical Issues in Child Care White Paper No. 3). Richmond: Action Alliance for Virginia's Children and Youth.

A study of the economic benefits to employers of offering family friendly employment and benefit options in the State of Virginia

Other

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27.

California report card: Focus on children in immigrant families
Grossman-Swenson, Sarah; Dominguez-Arms, Amy, 2004
Oakland, CA: Children Now.

A report on California's immigrant children and families exploring family characteristics, employment rates, child care arrangements, and parents' backgrounds

Other

28.

Campus child care declining even as growing numbers of parents attend college
Institute for Women's Policy Research, November, 2014
(IWPR No. C425). Washington, DC: Institute for Women's Policy Research.

This fact sheet provides data on the provision, use, and funding of campus-based child care in 2- and 4-year public colleges in the United States from 2002-2013.

Fact Sheets & Briefs

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29.

Caring for children of color: The child care patterns of white, black, and Hispanic children under 5
Capizzano, Jeffrey; Ost, Jason; Adams, Gina; et al., 2006
(Occasional Paper No. 72). Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

A study of child care arrangement patterns across groups of white, African American and Hispanic children

Reports & Papers

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30.

The Caring for Quality Project: Supporting and connecting home-based child care providers
Hillside Family of Agencies. Crestwood Children's Center; Rochester Childfirst Network; Cornell University. College of Human Ecology. Early Childhood Program; et al., December, 2006
Ithaca, NY: Cornell University, College of Human Ecology, Early Childhood Program.

Prelimary findings from an evaluation of the Caring for Quality Project, which supports and connects licensed and informal family child care providers through home visits and networking meetings

Fact Sheets & Briefs

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31.

Caring for Rhode Island's infants and toddlers
Rhode Island Kids Count (Organization), 2004
Providence: Rhode Island KIDS COUNT.

An issue brief discussing factors related to the healthy development and school readiness of infants and toddlers in Rhode Island.

Fact Sheets & Briefs

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32.

Changes in Massachusetts welfare and work, child care, and child welfare systems
Kaye, Laura; Sandfort, Jodi R.; Nightingale, Demetra; et al., 2001
(State Update No. 5). Washington DC: Urban Institute.

An overview of the changes in Massachusetts welfare policy as the focus shifts from families on welfare to those leaving welfare

Reports & Papers

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33.

Changing policies to streamline access to Medicaid, SNAP, and child care assistance: Findings from the Work Support Strategies evaluation
Isaacs, Julia B.; Kassabian, David; Katz, Michael; et al., March, 2016
Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

This report describes and analyzes the experiences of the six states involved in the WSS initiative as they leveraged policy change to streamline and align families' access to work supports. A broad range of policies are analyzed here, from legislative and regulatory changes to revising wording of guidance in a state policy manual or asking local agencies to implement policies that were sitting on the books but not put into practice. This range includes policies that stem from other initiatives but are viewed by the states as furthering the WSS goals. Policy change was always part of a broader package that included technological innovations and business process improvements, the subject of companion reports. (author abstract)

Reports & Papers

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34.

Changing policies to streamline access to Medicaid, SNAP, and child care assistance: Findings from the Work Support Strategies evaluation [Executive summary]
Isaacs, Julia B.; Kassabian, David; Katz, Michael; et al., March, 2016
Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

This report describes and analyzes the experiences of the six states involved in the WSS initiative as they leveraged policy change to streamline and align families' access to work supports. A broad range of policies are analyzed here, from legislative and regulatory changes to revising wording of guidance in a state policy manual or asking local agencies to implement policies that were sitting on the books but not put into practice. This range includes policies that stem from other initiatives but are viewed by the states as furthering the WSS goals. Policy change was always part of a broader package that included technological innovations and business process improvements, the subject of companion reports. (author abstract)

Executive Summary

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35.

Charting Progress for Babies in Child Care project: Promote family engagement
Johnson-Staub, Christine, November, 2013
Washington, DC: Center for Law and Social Policy.

An overview of research on the role of family engagement with child care providers in supporting the development of infants and toddlers

Fact Sheets & Briefs

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36.

Child care aid and quality for California families: Focusing on San Francisco and Santa Clara Counties
Fuller, Bruce; Kagan, Sharon Lynn; Suzuki, Sawako; et al., 2001
(Working Paper Series 01-2). Berkeley: Policy Analysis for California Education.

A report on subsidy use and quality of child care selected by single mother welfare recipients in San Francisco and Santa Clara Counties, California

Reports & Papers

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37.

Child care and the development of behavior problems among economically disadvantaged children in middle childhood
Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth; Coley, Rebekah Levine; Maldonado-Carreno, Carolina; et al., September/October 2010
Child Development, 81(5), 1460-1474

A study of the relationship between low-income children's development of behavior problems during middle childhood and child care quality, extent and type of care, as well as an examination of child characteristics, gender, and race-ethnicity, as moderators of the development of behavior problems, based on data from 349 7- through 11-year-old participants in the Three-City Study

Reports & Papers

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38.

Child care and low-income children's development: Direct and moderated effects
Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth; Coley, Rebekah Levine; Chase-Lansdale, P. Lindsay; et al., 2004
Child Development, 75(1), 296-312

A study determining the effect of child care quality on low-income children's cognitive and social development, utilizing data from the Welfare, Children, and Families: A Three-City Study

Reports & Papers

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39.

Child care arrangements for children under five: Variation across states
Capizzano, Jeffrey; Adams, Gina; Sonenstein, Freya Lund; et al., 2000
(Series B, No. B-7). Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

A study of the primary child care arrangements of children under five whose mothers are employed, as well as of the variations in patterns of child care arrangements by state, by the child's age, and by the income status of the child's family.

Reports & Papers

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40.

Child care arrangements for toddlers and preschoolers: Are they different for youngest children?
Joesch, Jutta M.; Maher, Erin J.; Durfee, Alesha; et al., 2006
Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 21(3), 253-266

An analysis of child care arrangements for the youngest children of families, examining the effect of family characteristics on observed differences of child care arrangements

Reports & Papers

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41.

Child care assistance policies 2005: States fail to make up lost ground, families continue to lack critical support
Schulman, Karen; Blank, Helen, 2005
Washington, DC: National Women's Law Center.

Descriptions of child care financial assistance policies and tables of child care subsidy eligibility criteria state-by-state for the United States, 2001-2005

Fact Sheets & Briefs

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42.

Child care assistance under welfare reform: Early responses by the states
Long, Sharon K.; Boots, Shelley Waters; Kirby, Gretchen; et al., 1998
(Occasional Paper No. 15). Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

An exploration of the child care assistance system in place just before the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) and states’ use of the increased freedom of the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) to develop new systems of assistance

Other

43.

Child care by kith and kin: Supporting family, friends and neighbors caring for children
Collins, Ann; Carlson, Barbara Coccodrilli, 1998
(Children and Welfare Reform Issue Brief No. 5). New York: Columbia University, National Center for Children in Poverty

A summary of research on family, friend, and neighbor child care, including traditional policies, innovative program strategies, and outreach recommendations for states and local communities

Fact Sheets & Briefs

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44.

Childcare centers and inter-organizational ties in high poverty neighborhoods
Bendheim-Thoman Center for Research on Child Wellbeing, 2005
(Fragile Families Research Brief No. 34). Princeton, NJ: Bendheim-Thoman Center for Research on Child Wellbeing.

A determination of the inter-organizational partnerships of child care centers, and the extent that centers use these relationships to offer additional resources to parents, based on information from 23 child care centers in New York City

Fact Sheets & Briefs

45.

Child care choices of low-income working families
Chaudry, Ajay; Sandstrom, Heather; Danziger, Anna; et al., January, 2011
Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

A study of low-income parents' child care decisionmaking and the influence of family characteristics and contextual community factors on their decisions, based on interviews with community experts and stakeholders and in-depth qualitative interviews with parents in 86 families in Providence, Rhode Island, and Seattle-White Center, Washington

Reports & Papers

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46.

The Child Care Development Fund and workforce development for low-income parents: Opportunities and challenges with reauthorization
Adams, Gina; Heller, Caroline, June, 2015
Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

This brief focuses on the opportunities provided by the reauthorization of the CCDF and lays out strategies states can use as they rework their CCDF policies and systems to conform to the new requirements to better meet the child care needs of low-income parents in education and training. Its companion paper focuses on the opportunities created by the reauthorization of the nation's workforce law with WIOA for better meeting these needs (Spaulding 2015). (author abstract)

Fact Sheets & Briefs

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47.

Child care expenses of America's families
Giannarelli, Linda; Barsimantov, James, 2000
(Occasional Paper No. 40). Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

A study of the child care expenses of working families with children under age 13, with particular attention to low-income families.

Reports & Papers

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48.

Child care experiences in low-income communities: Developmental quality and maternal views
Li-Grining, Christine P.; Coley, Rebekah Levine, 2006
Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 21(2), 125-141

A study of child care quality in low-income urban communities, including types of child care used and degree to which settings met children’s and mothers’ needs, based on data from a longitudinal welfare study: Welfare, Children, and Families: A Three-City Study

Reports & Papers

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49.

Child care funding and policy issues
Kaplan, Jan, 2002
(Reauthorization Notes Vol. 2 No. 1). Washington, DC: Finance Project.

A brief on issues surrounding and proposed policies concerning child care policy and funding

Other

50.

Child care in Colorado: Making care more affordable for working families
Dinan, Kinsey; Cauthen, Nancy, November, 2007
New York: Columbia University, National Center for Children in Poverty.

An examination of the effectiveness of child care subsidies in increasing low-income families' access to high-quality child care in Colorado, based on a simulation of public benefits' effects on a hypothetical family's income

Reports & Papers

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