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695 results found.

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1.

The 101st Congress: An emerging agenda for children in poverty
Hofferth, Sandra L., 1993
In J. Chafel (Ed.), Child Poverty and Public Policy (pp. 203-243). Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press

A review of the legislative issues surrounding Project Head Start's reauthorization, the expansion of Medicare, the Family and Medical Leave Act, and the Child Care and Development Block Grant by the 101st United States Congress

Other

2.

2004 supplement to Making care less taxing
National Women's Law Center, 2004
Washington, DC: National Women's Law Center.

A chart supplementing Appendix A of the 2002 report, ''Making Care Less Taxing: Improving State Child and Dependent Care Tax Provisions,'' which describes state child and dependent care for tax year 2003

Other

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3.

2008 supplement to Making care less taxing
National Women's Law Center, February, 2008
Washington, DC: National Women's Law Center.

An update listing changes to state child and dependent care income tax provisions since December 2005 that are in effect for the 2007 tax year

Other

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4.

2009 supplement to Making care less taxing
National Women's Law Center, April, 2009
Washington, DC: National Women's Law Center.

An update listing changes to state child and dependent care income tax provisions since December 2005 that are in effect for the 2008 tax year

Other

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5.

2014 child care reauthorization and opportunities for TANF and CCDF
United States. Office of Child Care; United States. Office of Family Assistance, 09 February, 2016
(Log No: CCDF-ACF-IM-2016-02 TANF-ACF-IM-2016-02). Washington, DC: U.S. Office of Child Care.

The purpose of this Information Memorandum is to provide key information on the recent reauthorization of CCDF and its implications and opportunities for TANF and CCDF. Lead Agencies from both programs can work together to implement the reauthorization and leverage this opportunity to support family economic security and well-being. (author abstract)

Other

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6.

28 million poor and lower-middle income children would not qualify for Dole child tax credit
Larin, Kathryn; Greenstein, Robert, 1996
Washington, DC: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities.

A policy brief on the ramifications of proposed changes to the child tax credit by then-Presidential candidate Bob Dole.

Fact Sheets & Briefs

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7.

Absenteeism, childcare and the effectiveness of pension reforms
Moscarola, Flavia Coda; Fornero, Elsa; Strom, Steinar; et al., 2016
IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, 5, 1-18

Both economic and epidemiological literature have shown that perceived high strain at work and lack of social infrastructures are good predictors of sick leave. The latter is particularly relevant in countries where facilities for children and care services are scarce and women are asked to fill the gap. The Italian 2011 pension reform significantly restricted age and seniority requirements for retirement, especially for women in private employment. We investigated whether older Italian employed women reacted to the postponement of retirement by increasing their sick leave. The empirical analysis offers unequivocal evidence that this has indeed been the case, in particular, for low-income grandmothers living in regions with a poor supply of childcare services. Radical reforms risk losing some of their effectiveness if they are not accompanied by parallel measures designed to introduce the welfare provisions previously indirectly and inadequately provided by the pension system, such as care facilities. (author abstract)

Reports & Papers

8.

Access to pre-k education under the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act
Boylan, Ellen; Splansky, Deborah, February, 2010
Newark, NJ: Education Law Center.

Under federal law, states are required to ensure that homeless children have equal access to the same free, appropriate public education, including a public preschool education, as provided to other children and youths. This policy brief provides an overview of the law and its limitations and describes policies that can help increase the number of homeless children included in pre-k programs. (author abstract)

Other

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9.

Additional information on the proposed child tax credit
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (Washington, D.C.), 1996
Washington, DC: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities.

A brief on the impact on families' tax burden of then-presidential candidate Bob Dole's proposed changes to the child tax credit during the 1996 presidential campaign.

Fact Sheets & Briefs

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10.

Administration is misstating amount of child care funding in pending TANF reauthorization bills: Bills provide far less funding than has been claimed and would cause large reductions in the number of children assisted
Parrott, Sharon; Mezey, Jennifer; Greenberg, Mark H.; et al., 2003
Washington, DC: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities.

A report comparing the levels of child care funding included in the proposed TANF reauthorization legislation to the estimated fiscal need

Fact Sheets & Briefs

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11.

The adult worker model family, gender equality and care: The search for new policy principles and the possibilities and problems of a capabilities approach
Lewis, Jane, 2005
Economy and Society, 34(1), 76-104

A discussion of principles involved in the theoretical shift towards the adult worker model, involving assumptions of increased individualization and self-sufficiency, especially with regards to women

Reports & Papers

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12.

Affordability: Women and their families need help paying for child care
National Women's Law Center, February, 2008
Washington, DC: National Women's Law Center.

A brief on the high child care expenses of low-income families and the inadequacy of government child care assistance

Fact Sheets & Briefs

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13.

Affordable, high-quality care and education
Chaudry, Ajay; Weiland, Christina; Morrissey, Taryn; et al., 2017
In Chaudry, A., Morrissey, T., Weiland, C., & Yoshikawa, H., Cradle to kindergarten: A new plan to combat inequality (pp. 41-69). New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation

In this chapter, we describe the current economic and policy contexts facing early care and education in the United States. We discuss the reality that most children live in families in which their parents are employed, as well as the importance of high-quality early learning experiences. We propose a new subsidy system for Assuring Care and Education for Young Children (ACE subsidies, or "the Assurance" for short) that would guarantee progressively structured subsidies to low- and moderate-income working families with young children so that all families can access and afford licensed, high-quality early learning and care options. When fully implemented, ACE subsidies would replace the current Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) program. ACE subsidies would serve families with children between birth and age five years, with care for school-age children (those in kindergarten through age thirteen, who are currently served in CCDBG) shifted to out-of-school and summer programs sponsored by public schools and other service systems. In addition, we propose reforming the existing Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit (CDCTC) to support a wide range of care options and to cover children of various ages across a broader span of family incomes. With more generous subsidies and tax credits providing greater support to low-, middle-, and higher-income families, existing dependent care assistance programs (DCAPs) could be phased out. Besides promoting children's development and family financial security, our system would also streamline the existing patchwork of fragmented early care and education programs in the United States. (author abstract)

Other

14.

Afterschool and the Common Core State Standards
Afterschool Alliance, January, 2013
(Afterschool Alert Issue Brief No. 63). Washington, DC: Afterschool Alliance.

A discussion of the implications for after school programs of states' adoption of the Common Core State Standards

Fact Sheets & Briefs

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15.

America's children: Key national indicators of well-being, 2002
Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics (U.S.), 2002
Washington, DC: Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics.

Highlights from a 2002 national survey depicting the well-being of children in the areas of economic security, health, behavior and social environment, and education

Reports & Papers

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16.

America's children: Key national indicators of well-being, 2003
Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics (U.S.), 2003
Washington, DC: Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics.

Highlights from a 2003 national survey depicting the well-being of children in the areas of economic security, health, behavior and social environment, and education

Reports & Papers

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17.

Analysis and recommendations regarding the impact of SB 3 on child care in California
Child Care Law Center (San Francisco, Calif.), April, 2016
San Francisco, CA: Child Care Law Center.

This analysis examines SB 3, a bill designed to incrementally raise California's minimum wage to $15 per hour by 2022. The focus is on possible associated changes in the field of childcare, particularly in the areas of workforce wages, subsidy eligibility, and child care operating costs. Recommendations, which include the creation of a state task force, are presented to guide the state moving forward.

Fact Sheets & Briefs

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18.

Analysis of TANF spending through the middle of fiscal year 2001
Neuberger, Zoe; Lazere, Ed, 2001
Washington, DC: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities.

An overview of trends of state spending of their Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grants from the 1996 welfare reform through the middle of fiscal year 2001

Fact Sheets & Briefs

19.

An annotated bibliography on children's development of social inclusion and respect for diversity
Romero, Mariajose, July 2010
New York: Columbia University, National Center for Children in Poverty.

An annotated bibliography of select research and policy-related resources published since 2005 on the social inclusion of individuals of diverse identities in both education and peer groups and the development of respect for diversity in children from birth through 10 years of age

Bibliographies

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20.

Are strong work-first welfare policies aligned with generous child care provisions?: What states are doing and the implications for social work
Ha, Yoonsook; Ybarra, Marci, January-March 2013
Families in Society, 94(1), 5-13

Welfare reform devolved authority to states in designing and implementing Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and child care subsidy programs, thereby creating substantial variation in both programs across states. TANF and child care subsidy programs are, in theory, designed to work together to support employment among low-income families, yet we have little information on how these two programs collectively impact work and family life among the target population. This study examines the intensity of TANF work requirements and generosity of child care subsidy provisions across states and the interaction of the two programs. Overall, we find that states with stringent work requirements do not typically provide generous child care subsidies. This article discusses the implications for families, policy, and social work practice in light of our findings. (author abstract)

Reports & Papers

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21.

Assessing the New Federalism: Eight years later
Golden, Olivia, 2005
Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

A compilation of findings from Assessing the New Federalism (ANF), a longitudinal survey-based project analyzing the effects of welfare reform in 1997, 1999, and 2002

Reports & Papers

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22.

Assessing the optimal length of parental leave for child and parental well-being: How can research inform policy?
Galtry, Judith; Callister, Paul, 2005
Journal of Family Issues, 26(2), 219-246

A review of literature on concerns associated with parental leave, encompassing mothers' labor market outcomes, childbirth and maternal recovery, parent-infant bonding, children’s cognitive development, breastfeeding, and gender equity objectives

Literature Review

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23.

Assessing the quality of child care using longitudinal, administrative data: What can it tell us and how can it be used?
Witte, Ann D.; Queralt, Magaly, 2005
Wellesley, MA: Wellesley College, Department of Economics.

A study analyzing administrative data from Miami-Dade County, Florida to determine the impact of welfare reform on child care quality

Reports & Papers

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24.

Attitudes toward child support and the Child Support Agency
Great Britain. Department for Work and Pensions, 2002
(In-House Report No. 100). London: Great Britain, Department for Work and Pensions.

An exploration of attitudes towards the child support system in England, and a description of proposed reforms to the system

Reports & Papers

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25.

Attitudes towards child support and knowledge of the Child Support Agency, 2004
Peacey, Victoria; Rainford, Laura, 2004
London: Great Britain, Department for Work and Pensions.

Highlights from a study exploring public opinions and attitudes towards child support and the Child Support Agency in England

Fact Sheets & Briefs

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26.

Balancing work and family: The role of employer-supported child care benefits
Seyler, Dian L.; Monroe, Pamela A.; Garand, James C.; et al., 1995
Journal of Family Issues, 16(2), 170-193

A discussion of family benefits provided by employers, and possible influences on child care decisions as well as benefits to employers

Reports & Papers

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27.

Barriers to child care subsidies: Why subsidies are often not used
Shlay, Anne B., 2002
In C. J. Groark, K. E. Mehaffie, R. B. McCall, M. T. Greenberg, & Universities Children's Policy Collaborative (Eds.), From science to policy: Research on issues, programs and policies in early care and education. Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Governor's Task Force on Early Childhood Education (no longer accessible as of August 2, 2013).

A discussion of barriers to child care policy participation in the United States

Other

28.

The benefits of the Child Care Contribution Credit in Colorado
Development Research Partners, April, 2011
Denver, CO: Executives Partnering to Invest in Children.

An analysis of the economic impact of the Colorado Child Care Contribution Credit, which offers a 50 percent tax credit to individuals who make monetary contributions to promote child care in Colorado, in terms of individuals employed and spending on services, as well as its role in supporting parental labor force participation and positive child outcomes

Reports & Papers

29.

The benefits of the Child Care Contribution Credit in Colorado [Executive summary]
Development Research Partners, April, 2011
Denver, CO: Executives Partnering to Invest in Children.

A summary of an analysis of the economic impact of the Colorado Child Care Contribution Credit, which offers a 50 percent tax credit to individuals who make monetary contributions to promote child care in Colorado, in terms of individuals employed and spending on services, as well as its role in supporting parental labor force participation and positive child outcomes

Executive Summary

30.

Benefitting babies
Center for Law and Social Policy, March, 2009
Washington, DC: Center for Law and Social Policy.

Policy recommendations for effectively spending funding provided through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act on expanding and enhancing infant and toddler child care services

Fact Sheets & Briefs

31.

Better strategies for babies: Strengthening the caregivers and families of infants and toddlers
Gilman, Elizabeth; Collins, Ann, February 2000
(Children and Welfare Reform Issue Brief No. 7). New York: Columbia University, National Center for Children in Poverty.

An overview of state and local efforts to provide assistance to low income parents, currently in or moving into the workforce, in the areas of infant and toddler child care, healthy parent child relationships, and economic security

Fact Sheets & Briefs

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32.

Beyond the comfort zone: New ideas for the early care and education industry: A summary of the Kellogg Venture Grant Initiative
Stoney, Louise, 2005
Ithaca, NY and Raleigh, NC: Cornell Univ. Dept of City and Regional Planning and National Smart Start Technical Assistance Center.

Overviews of six projects receiving $5,000 grants to introduce the need for child care into various other economic development plans and policies

Other

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33.

Beyond work-family balance: Are family-friendly organizations more attractive?
Bourhis, Anne; Mekkaoui, Redouane, Winter 2010
Relations Industrielles, 65(1), 98-117

A study of 4 distinct effects of family friendly practices (FFP) namely, on-site child care, generous personal leaves, flexible scheduling, and telecommuting, as well as candidates' desires for role segmentation and corporate reputation on organizational attractiveness, from 5 scenarios presented to 110 subjects in a Canadian university continuing education management class

Reports & Papers

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34.

Big ideas for children: Investing in our nation's future
First Focus, 2008
Washington, DC: First Focus.

A collection of discussions of policy proposals to increase federal investment in children

Other

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35.

The Blair government and child poverty: An extra one percent for children in the United Kingdom
Hills, John, 2003
In One percent for the kids: New policies, brighter futures for America's children (pp. 156-177). Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.

A description of the Blair government's efforts to reduce child poverty in the United Kingdom, which encourages the United States government to undertake a similar strategy

Other

36.

Breaking the cycle of disadvantage: Early childhood interventions and progression to higher education in Europe
Guerin, B. J. E. (Benoit Jean Emmanuel), 2014
(RR-553-EC). Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corporation.

This brief looks at the impact of child-targeted interventions in early childhood education and care (ECEC) as well as initiatives to widen access to higher education in Europe, and their impact on social mobility in later years. Rapid brain development in the early years presents both challenges and opportunities to invest in children -- in particular for those from poorer backgrounds -- to develop both academic and social-behavioural skills for long-term returns. In the context of economic uncertainty, investing in high-quality ECEC appears to be an effective evidence-based social policy tool, although it should not be considered a panacea. The level of ECEC provision is very unequal across the EU: to be effective, it needs to be of high quality. One way to break the cycle of disadvantage would be to develop ambitious indicators and policy goals, that link ECEC provision for underrepresented groups to access to higher education. (author abstract)

Other

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37.

Breaking the cycle of disadvantage: Early childhood interventions and progression to higher education in Europe [Executive summary]
Guerin, B. J. E. (Benoit Jean Emmanuel), 2014
(RR-553-EC). Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corporation.

This brief looks at the impact of child-targeted interventions in early childhood education and care (ECEC) as well as initiatives to widen access to higher education in Europe, and their impact on social mobility in later years. Rapid brain development in the early years presents both challenges and opportunities to invest in children -- in particular for those from poorer backgrounds -- to develop both academic and social-behavioural skills for long-term returns. In the context of economic uncertainty, investing in high-quality ECEC appears to be an effective evidence-based social policy tool, although it should not be considered a panacea. The level of ECEC provision is very unequal across the EU: to be effective, it needs to be of high quality. One way to break the cycle of disadvantage would be to develop ambitious indicators and policy goals, that link ECEC provision for underrepresented groups to access to higher education. (author abstract)

Executive Summary

38.

Building a solid foundation: How states and school districts can use federal stimulus funds to support proficiency by third grade
Mead, Sara, May 2009
Washington, DC: New America Foundation.

A discussion advocating the use of American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds for prekindergarten through third grade education reform

Fact Sheets & Briefs

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39.

Business and child care
Action Alliance for Virginia's Children and Youth, 2001
(Critical Issues in Child Care White Paper No. 3). Richmond: Action Alliance for Virginia's Children and Youth.

A study of the economic benefits to employers of offering family friendly employment and benefit options in the State of Virginia

Other

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40.

The business case for work-family programs
Johnson, Arlene, 1995
Journal of Accountancy, 180(2), 53-unspecified

Highlights of the cost benefits of employer-supported child care services

Other

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41.

Business, skills and the welfare state: The political economy of employment-oriented family policy in Britain and Germany
Fleckenstein, Timo; Seeleib-Kaiser, Martin, May, 2011
Journal of European Social Policy, 21(2), 136-149

An examination of the socioeconomic conditions and policymaking process of employment-oriented family policy developments in Britain and Germany since the 1990s

Other

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42.

Canadian early learning and child care and the Convention on the Rights of the Child
Friendly, Martha, 2006
(Occasional Paper No. 22). Toronto, Ontario, Canada: University of Toronto, Childcare Resource and Research Unit.

A review of the political and social child care context in Canada and its implications for Canadian commitment to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child

Other

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43.

The care and education of America's young children: At the brink of a paradigm shift?
Kagan, Sharon Lynn, 1989
Proceedings of the Academy of Political Science, 37(2), 70-83

An essay on the policy impediments and service delivery fragmentations of early child care and education services in the United States

Reports & Papers

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44.

Caring and learning together: Exploring the relationship between parental leave and early childhood education and care
Moss, Peter, December, 2012
European Journal of Education, 47(4), 482-493

An examination of the relationship between parental leave entitlements and availability of early childhood education and care services in a range of high-income European countries, based on data from 25 countries in the 2012 annual review of leave policies

Reports & Papers

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45.

Caring as social right: Cash for child care and daddy leave
Leira, Arnlaug, 1998
Social Politics, 5(3), 362-378

A study of policies aimed at gender division in family child care and employment policies in Finland, Denmark, Sweden and Norway

Other

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46.

Caring for children in Europe: How childcare, parental leave and flexible working arrangements interact in Europe
Janta, Barbara, 2014
(RR-554-EC). Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corporation.

This brief examines how paid work and the care of children are reconciled by families in European Union Member States. It analyses how childcare, parental leave and working time instruments are combined and used in a complementary way. Most parents combine various reconciliation instruments. Particular childcare arrangements are related to parents' preferences and norms, a child's age, and labour market opportunities for parents. Our research shows that high participation rates in formal childcare settings are not a prerequisite for high levels of female labour force participation. However, formal childcare has positive consequences for children, in particular those from disadvantaged backgrounds, whereas lack of or limited formal childcare options can have negative consequences for female career development. Since parents prefer flexibility in reconciliation, the state should ensure that all parents have access to suitable childcare provision and are supported in their labour force participation. (author abstract)

Other

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47.

Caring for children in Europe: How childcare, parental leave and flexible working arrangements interact in Europe [Executive summary]
Janta, Barbara, 2014
(RR-554-EC). Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corporation.

This brief examines how paid work and the care of children are reconciled by families in European Union Member States. It analyses how childcare, parental leave and working time instruments are combined and used in a complementary way. Most parents combine various reconciliation instruments. Particular childcare arrangements are related to parents' preferences and norms, a child's age, and labour market opportunities for parents. Our research shows that high participation rates in formal childcare settings are not a prerequisite for high levels of female labour force participation. However, formal childcare has positive consequences for children, in particular those from disadvantaged backgrounds, whereas lack of or limited formal childcare options can have negative consequences for female career development. Since parents prefer flexibility in reconciliation, the state should ensure that all parents have access to suitable childcare provision and are supported in their labour force participation. (author abstract)

Executive Summary

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48.

Caring for our nation's future: The impact of ARRA funding on access to child care (based on case studies in Georgia and Tennessee)
Venkateswar, Shyama; Sagrestano, Lynda; Cuomo, Chris J.; et al.,
New York: National Council for Research on Women.

Findings from case studies in Georgia and Tennessee that examine the relationship of American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) funds to low income mothers' eligibility for and access to child care assistance and also to child care providers' access to training, based on surveys, focus groups, interviews, and economic analyses

Other

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49.

Caring for our nation's future: The impact of ARRA funding on access to child care (based on case studies in Georgia and Tennessee)
National Council for Research on Women (U.S.),
New York: National Council for Research on Women.

A summary of findings from case studies in Georgia and Tennessee that examine the relationship of American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) funds to low income mothers' eligibility for and access to child care assistance and also to child care providers' access to training, based on surveys, focus groups, interviews, and economic analyses

Fact Sheets & Briefs

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50.

Caring for our nation's future: The impact of ARRA funding on access to child care (based on case studies in Georgia and Tennessee) [Executive summary]
Venkateswar, Shyama; Sagrestano, Lynda; Cuomo, Chris J.; et al.,
New York: National Council for Research on Women.

A summary of findings from case studies in Georgia and Tennessee that examine the relationship of American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) funds to low income mothers' eligibility for and access to child care assistance and also to child care providers' access to training, based on surveys, focus groups, interviews, and economic analyses

Executive Summary

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