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Current Filters: State:CALIFORNIA [remove]; Classification:Family, Friend, & Neighbor (Informal) [remove];

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Access to quality: Early learning for California preschoolers in subsidized license-exempt settings
University of California, Berkeley. Center for the Study of Child Care Employment, June, 2013
Sacramento: California, Department of Education.

To address the reality that many of California's at-risk preschool-age children receiving subsidized child care services could benefit from, but do not participate in, organized, high-quality preschool or school-readiness experiences, CDD provided support to the Center for the Study of Child Care Employment at the University of California, Berkeley, for an Access to Quality Early Learning Project to examine: 1) the reasons why parents choose license-exempt child care, and their knowledge of the options that may be available to them; 2) the opportunities for and barriers to improving school readiness experiences for at-risk children who attend full-time, license-exempt child care; and 3) how license-exempt providers, and school readiness and preschool programs, might better coordinate and blend their offerings for families. This report summarizes the findings of this exploration, and offers recommendations that can be used to inform policy strategies promoting greater participation by high-need children, now cared for exclusively in license-exempt settings, in quality educational environments that ready them for elementary school. (author abstract)

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Assessing quality in family, friend and neighbor care: The Child Care Assessment Tool for Relatives
Porter, Toni, 2006
New York: Bank Street College of Education, Institute for a Child Care Continuum. (No longer accessible as of October 10, 2012).

A paper describing the Child Care Assessment Tool for Relatives, an instrument designed to measure quality of child care provided by relatives, in terms of its development and the results of a field test where it was used with low income relative caregivers

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Child care: Promoting quality in family child care
United States. General Accounting Office. Health, Education, and Human Services Division, 1994
(GAO/HEHS-95-36). Washington, DC: U.S. General Accounting Office.

A Government Accounting Office report identifying public and private initiatives to enhance the quality of family child care, the fincancing of initiatives, federal support for quality initiatives, and a discussion of implications for welfare reform

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A closer look at kith and kin care: Exploring variability of quality within family, friend and neighbor care
Shivers, Eva Marie, 2006
Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 27(5), 411-426

An examination of the variations of quality among different characteristics (professional development background, provider sensitivity, child care setting) of family, friend, and neighbor child care providers and an investigation of how these characteristics vary by provider ethnicity

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A compilation of initiatives to support home-based child care
United States. Administration for Children and Families. Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, March 31, 2010
Washington, DC: U.S. Administration for Children and Families, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation.

A compilation of profiles of 96 initiatives that target and support home-based child care

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Crystal Stairs, Inc. License Exempt Assistance Project "Community Pre-K" evaluation report: Year 1 (2007-2008)
Shivers, Eva Marie, 2008
Phoenix, AZ: Indigo Cultural Center, Institute for Child Development Research and Social Change.

An evaluation of Community Pre-K, a play and learn program to provide quality early learning experiences to children cared for by subsidized, license-exempt providers and to build providers' caregiving skills, that examined child and provider outcomes, based on data collected from 9 family, friend, and neighbor child care providers and 13 children in Los Angeles

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Doting on kids: Understanding quality in kith and kin child care
Porter, Toni, 2003
New York: Bank Street College of Education, Institute for a Child Care Continuum. (No longer accessible as of December 10, 2012).

A report on kith and kin child care providers' perceptions of child care quality

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The Enhanced Home Visiting Pilot Project: How Early Head Start programs are reaching out to kith and kin caregivers: Final interim report
Paulsell, Diane, 2006
Princeton, NJ: Mathematica Policy Research.

A preliminary descriptive evaluation of the Enhanced Home Visiting Pilot Project, analyzing participant characteristics and program design as they affect the extension of home visitation services to relatives and non-relatives caring for infants and toddlers enrolled in home-based Early Head Start programs

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Exploring the training needs of family, friend and neighbor child care providers
Shivers, Eva Marie, 2008
Phoenix, AZ: Indigo Cultural Center, Institute for Child Development Research and Social Change. (No longer accessible as of January 18, 2013).

A study of the training concerns and needs of family, friend, and neighbor child care providers, based on focus groups with 30 providers in Phoenix, Arizona; Los Angeles; and the Cherokee Nation, Oklahoma

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Families, friends & neighbors: Understanding the needs of FFN childcare providers in L.A. County
First 5 LA, May, 2012
Los Angeles: First 5 LA.

A study of the characteristics and needs of family, friend, and neighbor (FFN) child care providers in Los Angeles County, California, based on surveys from 448 FFN providers and on five focus groups with 44 FFN providers

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Family, friend, and neighbor child caregivers: Results of a statewide study to determine needs and desires for support
Drake, Pamela M., 2006
Early Childhood Education Journal, 33(4), 239-244

A description of the results of a study designed to examine the support needs of family, friend, and neighbor (FFN) caregivers in California, focusing on the need for licensing, informational materials, education and training, and supportive agencies

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Getting organized: Unionizing home-based child care providers: 2010 update
Blank, Helen, June 2010
Washington, DC: National Women's Law Center.

An examination of statewide efforts between February 2007 and March 2010 to allow home-based child care workers, including licensed family child care providers and regulation-exempt family, friend, and neighbor caregivers receiving subsidies, to join unions

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Legally-exempt child care: What does it mean in New York State?
Ozdogru, Asil A.,
Albany, NY: Early Care & Learning Council.

A comparison of license-exempt child care provision and policies in New York State to provision and policies in California, Illinois, Michigan, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, and Washington, based on state surveys and key informant interviews

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Maternal grandmothers as child care providers for rural, low-income mothers: A unique child care arrangement
Reschke, Kathy L., 2006
Journal of Children & Poverty, 12(2), 159-174

An examination of the positive and challenging aspects of grandmothers providing child care for their grandchildren, investigating the experiences of the grandmothers as well as the effects on the sample of low income mothers from rural communities

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The negotiation of child care and employment demands among low-income parents
Henly, Julia R., 2000
Journal of Social Issues, 56(4), 683-706

An examination of urban, low-income mothers’ disproportionate use of informal child care arrangements

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Sesame Street Healthy Habits for Life resource kit provides benefits for child care providers and young children
First 5 LA,
Los Angeles: First 5 LA.

A study of the impact of health resource kits on the nutrition and physical activity knowledge and practices of family, friend, and neighbor child care providers in Los Angeles, California, based on pre- and post-intervention surveys from 30 treatment and 23 control FFN child care providers and on focus groups with 16 treatment providers

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Supporting and training license-exempt child care providers: Recommendations and strategies for child care resource and referral programs
California Child Care Resource and Referral Network. Task Force on License-Exempt Child Care, 2004
San Francisco: California Child Care Resource and Referral Network

An overview of license-exempt child care in California, with recommendations for training providers and improving the quality of services provided

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Supporting family, friend and neighbor caregivers: Findings from a survey of state policies
Porter, Toni, 2005
New York: Bank Street College of Education, Institute for a Child Care Continuum. (No longer accessible as of August 16, 2012)

An examination of state regulatory policies for kith and kin child care providers receiving government subsidies

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Using kin for child care: Embedment in the socioeconomic networks of extended families
Uttal, Lynet, 1999
Journal of Marriage and the Family, 61(4), 845-857

A study of the factors promoting the greater propensity for African American and Mexican American mothers’ to use child care arrangements with relatives than their Anglo American counterparts, with analysis pointing to a greater sensitivity by minority extended families to the economic needs of their relatives with young children

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Variations in child care by grandparents during the first three years
Vandell, Deborah L., 2003
Journal of Marriage and the Family, 65(2), 375-381

An investigation into the varying frequencies of grandparent child care and its relation to maternal employment, using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Early Development Study of Early Child Care

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What we learned from focus groups and interviews throughout California
Drake, Pamela M., June 2004
Sacramento: First 5 California.

A study of the support that family, friend, and neighbor (FFN) caregivers need and want in order to enhance children's development, based on focus groups with FFN caregivers and parents who use FFN child care

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Youths' caretaking of their adolescent sisters' children: Results from two longitudinal studies
East, Patricia, December 2009
Journal of Family Issues, 30(12), 1671-1697

An examination of the relationship between hours of care for thier adolescent sister's children and gender, ethnicity, and family backgrounds in a sample of 132 Latino and African American youth and a second examination of the relationship between hours of care for thier adolescent sister's children and family background, gender, and care experiences across time, for 110 Latino adolescents

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Research Connections is supported by grant #90YE0104 from the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The contents are solely the responsibility of the National Center for Children in Poverty and the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research and do not necessarily represent the official views of the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, the Administration for Children and Families, or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

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