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1.

All together now: State experiences in using community-based child care to provide pre-kindergarten
Schumacher, Rachel; Lombardi, Joan; Ewen, Danielle; et al., 2005
Paper presented at the the Brookings Institution-University of North Carolina conference on Creating a national plan for the education of 4-year-olds, Washington, DC.

A discussion of the findings from a survey of 29 states that examines the policies, opportunities, and challenges associated with including community-based child care providers in states' prekindergarten programs

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2.

All together now: State experiences in using community-based child care to provide pre-kindergarten
Schumacher, Rachel; Lombardi, Joan; Ewen, Danielle; et al., 2005
Washington, DC: Center for Law and Social Policy.

A discussion of the findings from a survey of 29 states conducted by the Center for Law and Social Policy (CLASP), which examined the policies, opportunities, and challenges associated with including community based child care providers as part of the states' prekindergarten programs

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3.

America After 3PM
Afterschool Alliance, October, 2009
Washington, DC: Afterschool Alliance.

A 2009 update of and comparison to a 2004 study of the after school child care arrangements of kindergarten through grade 12 students, based on a survey of nearly 30,000 households

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4.

Boston Quality Inventory 2010: Community early care and education programs
Marshall, Nancy L.; Dennehy, Julie; Roberts, Joanne; et al., 29 October, 2010
Boston: Boston EQUIP.

A study of the quality of child care centers and family child care homes in Boston, based on surveys and observations of 68 child care centers and 51 family child care homes

Reports & Papers

5.

Boston Quality Inventory 2013: Community early care and education programs
Marshall, Nancy L.; Roberts, Joanne; Robeson, Wendy W.; et al., 10 March, 2014
Wellesley, MA: Wellesley Centers for Women.

A study of the quality of child care centers and family child care homes in Boston, Massachusetts, based on surveys and observations of 45 center-based programs serving infants and toddlers, 45 center-based programs serving preschoolers, and 45 family child care homes

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6.

Building an infrastructure for quality: An inventory of early childhood education and out-of-school time facilities in Massachusetts
Pardee, Mav, July, 2011
Boston: Children's Investment Fund.

A study of the quality of the physical learning environments of licensed, community- and center-based, nonprofit early childhood education and out-of-school time programs in low-income communities across Massachusetts and in Boston, based on observations conducted using a set of quality standards for facilities in a random sample of 130 programs across Massachusetts and a sample of 97 programs in Boston

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7.

Building partnerships between Early Head Start grantees and family child care providers: Lessons from the Early Head Start for Family Child Care project: Final report
Del Grosso, Patricia; Akers, Lauren; Heinkel, Luke; et al., 12 December, 2011
Washington, DC: U.S. Office of Head Start.

This report aims to capture the key lessons learned from the Early Head Start for Family Child Care project framework and to provide information to the field about strategies the partnership teams used to implement the framework at the local and state levels. In addition, this evaluation contributes to the growing bodies of research on (1) approaches to supporting quality in family child care and (2) initiatives designed to facilitate greater collaboration among organizations and systems with common goals. The report can be a useful resource for entities interested in forming partnerships between Early Head Start and family child care to create more seamless service delivery systems and, more broadly, any community interested in building partnerships to support collaboration and system development among early childhood providers. (author abstract)

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8.

Characteristics and quality of child care for toddlers and preschoolers [Abridged]
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2005
In Child care and child development: Results from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (pp. 91-104). New York: Guilford Press

The relationship between structural and caregiver characteristics and observed caregiver behavior in producing positive caregiving, as well as levels of positive caregiving associated with types of child care at 15, 24, and 36 months of age

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9.

Characteristics of infant child care: Factors contributing to positive caregiving
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 1996
Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 11(3), 269-306

An analysis of the structural and caregiver characteristics that predict high caregiving quality for infants using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care

Reports & Papers

10.

Characteristics of infant child care: Factors contributing to positive caregiving [Abridged]
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2005
In Child care and child development: Results from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (pp. 50-66). New York: Guilford Press

A study of associations between structural and caregiver characteristics as they relate to infant experiences with their caregivers, based on data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care as well as an observational measure, the Observational Record of the Caregiving Environment (ORCE)

Reports & Papers

11.

Child care and common communicable illnesses [Abridged]
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2005
In Child care and child development: Results from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (pp. 175-183). New York: Guilford Press

A study of the relationship between children’s experience in nonmaternal care and rates of respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, and ear infections during the first 3 years of life

Reports & Papers

12.

Child care and common communicable illnesses in children ages 37-54 months [Abridged]
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2005
In Child care and child development: Results from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (pp. 184-190). New York: Guilford Press

A study of the relationship between children’s experience in nonmaternal care and rates of respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, and ear infections from 3 to 41/2 years old in a sample of approximately 1,100 children

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13.

The child care arrangements of preschool-age children in immigrant families in the United States
Brandon, Peter D., 2004
International Migration, 42(2), 65-87

A comparison of the use of child care arrangements among immigrant families to non-immigrant families

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14.

Child care for children in poverty: Opportunity or inequality?
Phillips, Deborah A.; Voran, Miriam; Whitebook, Marcy; et al., 1991
Child Development, 65(1), 472-492

A study of child care quality in child care centers serving children from low-income families, its relationship to type of center-based programming, and its comparability to child care quality in centers serving upper- and middle-income families, based on data from the nationally representative Profile of Child Care Settings study and the National Child Care Staffing Study, which collected observational data on child care quality in 227 child care centers in five cities

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15.

The Child Care HOME Inventories: Assessing the quality of family child care homes
Bradley, Robert H.; Caldwell, Bettye M.; Corwyn, Robert F.; et al., 2003
Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 18(3), 294-309

An overview of the different versions of the HOME Inventory for use in assessing quality of family child care homes

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16.

Child care in the first year of life [Abridged]
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2005
In Child care and child development: Results from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (pp. 39-49). New York: Guilford Press

A description of child care during the first 12 months of life, including initiation and amount of infant child care, child care history patterns during the first year, and the types, multiplicity, and stability of care used by parents of infants over the course of the first year, based on data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care

Reports & Papers

17.

Child-care selection from birth to age three: The influence of family economy, demographics, and parenting attitudes
Wolf, Anne, 2004
(Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Harvard University, Cambridge, MA

Two studies using data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development examined family variations in timing and type of children's initial child care arrangements and then variations in amount of hours spent in child care per week from birth to age three

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18.

Child-care use among welfare mothers: A dynamic analysis
Wolf, Douglas A.; Sonenstein, Freya Lund, 1991
Journal of Family Issues, 12(4), 519-536

A study of welfare mothers' child care arrangements and usage trends, particularly the durability of child care arrangements in relationship to child care type and cost, and mothers’ subjective ratings of quality and their impact on the probability of changing or ending their current child care arrangements

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19.

Children's use of retreats in family child care homes
Weinberger, Nanci, 2006
Early Education and Development, 17(4), 571-591

An assessment of the use of retreat spaces by, and associated behaviors of, 65 children in 9 family child care homes in southeastern Massachusetts, based on information collected by licensed family child care providers

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20.

A compilation of initiatives to support home-based child care
Porter, Toni; Del Grosso, Patricia; Nichols, Tahra; et al., 31 March, 2010
Washington, DC: U.S. Administration for Children and Families, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation.

A compilation of profiles of 96 initiatives that target and support home-based child care

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21.

Comprehensive school reform: An implementation study of preschool programs in elementary schools
Desimone, Laura; Fedoravicius, Nicole; Henrich, Christopher C.; et al., 2004
Elementary School Journal, 104(5), 369-389

A discussion of the implementation of preschool programs in elementary schools, based on information gathered from focus group interviews with 42 preschool and kindergarten teachers and 53 parents from 10 schools in 5 states

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22.

The cost and quality of full day, year-round early care and education in Massachusetts: Preschool classrooms
Marshall, Nancy L.; Barnett, W. Steven; Glantz, Frederic B.; et al., 2001
Wellesley Centers for Women and Abt Associates Inc.

A report that examines the state of preschool-age, community-based child care in Massachusetts, with findings on quality of care, cost of care, and the relationship between quality and cost.

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23.

Do regulable features of child-care homes affect children's development?
Clarke-Stewart, K. Alison; Vandell, Deborah Lowe; O'Brien, Marion; et al., 2002
Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 17(1), 52-86

An analysis of the links between regulable and nonregulable features of family child care homes and infants' and toddlers' cognitive development using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care

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24.

Early child care and adolescent functioning at the end of high school: Results from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development
Vandell, Deborah Lowe; Burchinal, Margaret; Pierce, Kim M.; et al., October, 2016
Developmental Psychology, 52(10), 1634-1645

Relations between early child care and adolescent functioning at the end of high school (EOHS; [mean] age = 18.3 years) were examined in a prospective longitudinal study of 1,214 children. Controlling for extensive measures of family background, early child care was associated with academic standing and behavioral adjustment at the EOHS. More experience in center-type care was linked to higher class rank and admission to more selective colleges, and for females to less risk taking and greater impulse control. Higher quality child care predicted higher academic grades and admission to more selective colleges. Fewer hours in child care was related to admission to more selective colleges. These findings suggest long-term benefits of higher quality child care, center-type care, and lower child-care hours for measures of academic standing at the EOHS. (author abstract)

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25.

Early child care and children's development prior to school entry [Abridged]
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2005
In Child care and child development: Results from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (pp. 376-391). New York: Guilford Press

An abridged reprint of a study of the impact of early child care experiences, and the quality and types of child care, on children's functioning prior to school entry, based on data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care

Reports & Papers

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26.

Early child care and children's development prior to school entry: Results from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2002
American Educational Research Journal, 39(1), 133-164

A longitudinal study of the effects of quantity, quality, and type of early child care on pre-academic skills, language performance, and behavior problems in a sample of over 1,000 children followed from birth to 4 ˝ years of age

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27.

Evaluation of Child Care Subsidy Strategies: Massachusetts family child care study
Collins, Ann; Luallen, Jeremy; Fountain, Alyssa Rulf; et al., June, 2010
(OPRE 2011-1). Washington, DC: U.S. Administration for Children and Families, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation.

An implementation and impact evaluation of LearningGames, an intervention to promote children's development through language-rich interactions between caregivers and children, in family child care homes in Massachusetts, based on pre- and post-test observations of 173 experimental and 180 control providers

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28.

Evaluation of Head Start Family Child Care Demonstration: Final report
United States. Administration on Children, Youth, and Families. Commissioner's Office of Research and Evaluation, February, 2000
Washington, DC: U.S. Administration on Children, Youth, and Families, Commissioner's Office of Research and Evaluation.

In the fall of 1992 the Administration on Children, Youth, and Families (ACYF) funded 18 Head Start family child care demonstration projects for a 3-year period. The primary purposes of this evaluation were to determine whether services provided in the family child care homes met Head Start Program Performance Standards and to compare the outcomes for children and families participating in family child care homes with outcomes for those participating in center classroom-based programs. Each local site served two groups of 40 children who were randomly assigned to either family child care homes or center-based settings. After an initial planning and start-up year, staff at each project agreed to serve two cohorts of 40 four-year-olds in Head Start family child care. Eligibility was limited to parents who were either working, attending school, or in a job training program. This report focuses on the findings from the second cohort of children because the evaluation instruments were not approved in time for use at the beginning of the first cohort, considered a pilot. (author abstract)

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29.

Facilities inventory project Boston report
Marshall, Nancy L.; Tomasetti, Stacey; Hutchinson, Bruce; et al., 06 July, 2011
Boston: Children's Investment Fund.

A study of the quality of the physical learning environments of licensed, community- and center-based, nonprofit early childhood education and out-of-school time programs in Boston, based on observations conducted using a set of quality standards for facilities in a sample of 98 programs

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30.

Facilities inventory project data report
Marshall, Nancy L.; Tomasetti, Stacey; Hutchinson, Bruce; et al., 09 March, 2011
Boston: Children's Investment Fund.

A study of the quality of the physical learning environments of licensed, community- and center-based, nonprofit early childhood education and out-of-school time programs in low-income communities across Massachusetts, based on observations conducted using a set of quality standards for facilities in a random sample of 130 programs

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31.

Familial factors associated with the characteristics of nonmaternal care for infants [Abridged]
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2005
In Child care and child development: Results from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (pp. 109-126). New York: Guilford Press

An examination of the associations between four aspects of nonmaternal infant child care, age of entry, amount, type, and quality, and preexisting family characteristics, economics, and psychosocial factors

Reports & Papers

32.

Family child care homes and the CACFP: Participation after reimbursement tiering: An interim report of the Family Child Care Homes Legislative Changes Study
Food Assistance & Nutrition Research (Program : U.S.); United States. Food and Nutrition Service, 1999
(Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Report No. 3). Washington, DC: U.S. Food Assistance & Nutrition Research Program.

An inquiry into the participation rates of family child care homes in the Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP)

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33.

Gateway to quality: Online professional development for family childcare providers
Durden, Tonia; Garcia, Aileen; Crandall, Leslie; et al., July, 2016
Early Child Development and Care, 186(7), 1079-1095

High-quality family childcare (FCC) can positively influence all areas of a child's growth and development. Thus, it is important to invest in efforts to increase quality, including providing professional development to enhance the skills of those caring for children in their homes. This study explores the characteristics of FCC providers who engage in an online professional development program. Findings show that a majority of these providers are female, had at least a high school diploma, and are licensed or registered. Content areas most frequently selected for professional development include ways to support children's social, emotional, physical, and intellectual development. The frequency of access and range of coursework completed implies that online learning is accessible for the FCC workforce audience and has the capacity to meet state requirements for professional development. Future directions to extend this research are discussed. (author abstract)

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34.

Getting organized: Unionizing home-based child care providers
Chalfie, Deborah; Entmacher, Joan; Blank, Helen; et al., 2007
Washington, DC: National Women's Law Center.

An examination of statewide efforts to allow home-based child care workers, including licensed family child care providers and regulation-exempt family, friend, and neighbor caregivers receiving subsidies, to join unions

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35.

Getting organized: Unionizing home-based child care providers: 2010 update
Blank, Helen; Campbell, Nancy D.; Entmacher, Joan; et al., June, 2010
Washington, DC: National Women's Law Center.

An examination of statewide efforts between February 2007 and March 2010 to allow home-based child care workers, including licensed family child care providers and regulation-exempt family, friend, and neighbor caregivers receiving subsidies, to join unions

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36.

In the neighborhood: Programs that strengthen family day care for low-income families
Larner, Mary, 1994
New York: Columbia University, National Center for Children in Poverty

A study designed to seek strategies to increase the availability and improve the quality of family day care homes in poor, stressed communities based on a survey of best practice from 10 programs in nine states

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37.

Insights into the black box of child care supply: An examination of provider participation in the child care subsidy system
Giapponi, Kate, February, 2017
(Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Brandeis University, Waltham, MA

High quality child care providers that accept subsidies are the linchpin to supporting parental employment and the child development needs of low-income families. However, there is growing concern at the federal level that fewer providers are participating in the subsidy system, leaving subsidy-recipient families with limited access to and/or choice of child care. Little is known about which providers agree to participate in the subsidy system and what factors may influence their participation. This mixed-method three-paper dissertation uses cross-sectional administrative data and qualitative interview data on licensed Massachusetts child care providers to identify factors associated with subsidy system participation. Paper 1: The first paper establishes a conceptual model of predictors of provider participation in the subsidy system based on the economic theory of the firm, non-profit strategic management principles and extant literature on the subsidy system. The model is tested empirically using cross-sectional administrative data on licensed Massachusetts child care providers and logistic regression analyses. Results suggest that lower administrative capacity, higher private pay prices and higher local market household income act as barriers to subsidy system participation. Thus, states seeking to increase their supply of subsidized care should consider reducing administrative barriers to participation, implementing targeted recruitment of providers more likely to participate and utilizing incentives to induce participation. Paper 2: Among subsidy system participating providers, Paper 2 identifies predictors of participation in different subsidy mechanisms (contracts versus vouchers only). Using cross-sectional administrative data and logistic regression analysis, the study finds that while providers that are members of umbrella organizations/family child care systems or have been in business longer are more likely to participate in contracts compared to vouchers only, providers located in more competitive markets are less likely participate in contracts. In order to incentivize participation in contracts, these findings suggest that states consider 1) streamlining the administrative responsibilities of contracts, 2) promoting cooperative agreements for shared administrative capacity among providers and 3) increasing awareness of contracts through information dissemination. Paper 3: Using qualitative data from interviews with 75 administrators from 48 licensed Massachusetts child care centers, Paper 3 identifies factors that motivate or hinder participation in 1) the child care subsidy system and 2) contracts versus vouchers. While the results support the findings around barriers to participation in the subsidy system in general and contracts in particular (identified in Papers 1 and 2), key motivators of participation in the subsidy system in general also emerged. Altruism and low-income focused mission statements spurred participation. These findings suggest that states should both seek to reduce administrative and informational barriers and capitalize on motivating factors through targeted recruitment in order to expand subsidy system participation. To ensure that low-income families have equal access to child care, results of this dissertation highlight the need for increased federal funding for subsidies and suggest that states take active steps to 1) identify shortages in care, 2) engage in targeted recruitment and information dissemination, 3) reduce administrative barriers to participation, 4) ensure that subsidy system entry processes are accessible and 5) implement incentives for participation. (author abstract)

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38.

Insights into the black box of child care supply: Predictors of provider participation in the Massachusetts child care subsidy system
Giapponi, Kate; Joshi, Pamela; Warfield, Marji E.; et al., August, 2017
Children and Youth Services Review, 79, 148-159

The United States child care subsidy system relies on the voluntary participation of private providers in the market in order for low-income families to access otherwise unaffordable care. However, with few states able to pay child care providers subsidy payment rates at market value (National Women's Law Center, 2015) and increasing pressure for providers to improve their quality of care (Child Care and Development Fund [CCDF] Program, 2016), there is concern at the federal level regarding the supply of providers willing to participate in the subsidy system (CCDF Program, 2016; Schumacher, 2015). Using administrative data from Massachusetts, this study examines the factors associated with provider participation in the child care subsidy system. Findings from logistic regression analyses indicate that lower administrative capacity, higher private pay prices (in comparison to the subsidy payment rate), and higher local market household income may limit or reduce opportunities for participation in the subsidy system. Results also suggest that for-profit providers are not avoiding participating in the subsidy system, but may find participation challenging if subsidy payment rates are too low (compared to private pay prices). Additionally, although the total pool of accredited providers is small, accredited providers have greater odds of participation compared to non-accredited providers, indicating that families may have some access to quality care. These findings suggest that states should focus on identifying 1) ways to ease administrative impediments to entry into the subsidy system, 2) effective provider recruitment tactics, and 3) monetary/non-monetary incentive structures that can build a large and diverse supply of high quality subsidized care. (author abstract)

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39.

Latino parents' perceptions of the eating and physical activity experiences of their pre-school children at home and at family child-care homes: A qualitative study
Lindsay, Ana C.; Wallington, Sherrie F.; Greaney, Mary L.; et al., February, 2017
Public Health Nutrition, 20(2), 346-356

Objective: Research indicates that healthful eating and physical activity (PA) practices implemented in child-care settings can have a positive effect on children's healthful behaviours in this setting, and this effect on healthful behaviours may possibly transfer to the home environment. While more research is needed to examine whether behaviours learned in family child-care homes (FCCH) transfer, the potential for transferability is especially important given that Latino children's home environment has been characterized by obesogenic parenting practices. We aimed to examine Latino parents' perceptions of their pre-school children's eating and PA experiences at home and at FCCH. Design: Qualitative study. Six focus groups were conducted in Spanish (n 36). Transcripts were analysed using thematic analysis to identify key concepts and themes. Results: Analyses revealed that Latino parents perceive their children have healthier eating and PA experiences at FCCH than at home. Parents attributed this to FCCH providers providing an environment conducive to healthful eating and PA due to providers having more knowledge and skills, time and resources, and being required to follow rules and regulations set by the state that promote healthful eating and PA. Conclusions: Understanding parental perceptions, attitudes and practices related to establishing and maintaining an environment conducive to children's healthful eating and PA at home and at the FCCH is essential for the design of successful interventions to promote children's healthful behaviours in these two settings. Given that parents perceive their children as having more healthful behaviours while at FCCH, interventions that address both settings jointly may be most effective than those addressing only one environment by itself. (author abstract)

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40.

Low-income families' selection of child care for their young children
Tang, Sandra; Coley, Rebekah Levine; Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth; et al., October, 2012
Children and Youth Services Review, 34(10), 2002-2011

An assessment of the relationship between child care type experienced by low income urban preschoolers and child characteristics, mother characteristics, city of residence, mother's psychological resources, and child care preferences, based on data from 802 children drawn from the first and second waves of the Three-City Study, a longitudinal, multi-method analysis of the well-being of low income children and families in Boston, San Antonio, and Chicago following welfare reform

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41.

A map for you?: Geographic information systems in the social services
Queralt, Magaly; Witte, Ann D., 1998
Social Work, 43(5), 455-469

A presentation of geographic information systems and its illustrative application to the social services, such as creating a map showing child care service providers’ location and characteristics and mapping the ratio of child care slots to the number of children in a population to locate areas with potential service-availability gaps

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42.

The Massachusetts 2006 market rate survey
Witte, Ann D.; Schmidt, Peter; Corso, Corrine; et al., July 2006
Wellesley, MA: Wellesley College.

A study of child care market rates for programs that serve infants, toddlers, and school-aged children and their geographic distribution across the state of Massachusetts in 2006, based on a survey of 3,600 service providers in school-based, center-based, and family child care settings

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43.

Massachusetts early care and education health report
Marshall, Nancy L., November 24, 2006
Wellesley, MA: Wellesley Centers for Women.

A study of health and safety practices in family child care homes and center-based infant and toddler and preschool classrooms in Massachusetts, based on data from studies of Massachusetts child care quality

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44.

Massachusetts family child care today: A report of the findings from the Massachusetts cost and quality study
Marshall, Nancy L.; Cahill, Kevin; Wang, Sue Y.; et al., 2003
Wellesley, MA: Wellesley Centers for Women.

A presentation of findings from a study of workforce issues, the quality of care, and the cost of licensed family child care within the state of Massachusetts

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45.

Massachusetts statewide child assessment system: A study to investigate recommended implementation practices: Findings and recommendations
Oldham, Erin, June 30, 2006
Boston: Massachusetts, Department of Early Care and Education.

An examination of the use of child assessment tools by early childhood education and care programs, based on a survey of 645 licensed child care centers, case studies of 6 large early education organizations, and trainings of 30 staff members from 4 multi-site child care programs serving child care centers and family child care homes in Massachusetts

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46.

Maternal grandmothers as child care providers for rural, low-income mothers: A unique child care arrangement
Reschke, Kathy L.; Manoogian, Margaret M.; Richards, Leslie N.; et al., 2006
Journal of Children & Poverty, 12(2), 159-174

An examination of the positive and challenging aspects of grandmothers providing child care for their grandchildren, investigating the experiences of the grandmothers as well as the effects on the sample of low income mothers from rural communities

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47.

National Study of Child Care for Low-Income Families: Care in the home: A description of family child care and the experiences of the families and children that use it: Final report
Layzer, Jean I.; Brown-Lyons, Melanie; Goodson, Barbara D.; et al., August, 2007
Washington, DC: U.S. Administration for Children and Families.

Findings from the two-and-a-half-year In-Depth Study of Family Child Care, a component of the National Study of Child Care for Low-Income Families, focusing on parents and their employment and child care experience, family child care providers and their homes as child care environments, and children and their experiences in family child care

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48.

National Study of Child Care for Low-Income Families: Care in the home: A description of family child care and the experiences of the families and children who use it: Wave 1 report
United States. Administration for Children and Families, August, 2006
Washington, DC: U.S. Administration for Children and Families.

Findings from the first wave of data collection for the In-Depth Study of Family Child Care, a component of the National Study of Child Care for Low-Income Families, focusing on parents and their employment and child care experience, family child care providers and their homes as child care environments, and children and their experiences in family child care

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49.

Nonmaternal care and family factors in early development: An overview of the NICHD Study of Early Child Care
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2005
In Child care and child development: Results from the NICHD Study of Early Care and Youth Development (pp. 3-36). New York: Guilford Press

A study of the relationships between types of nonmaternal care and children’s social and emotional adjustment, cognitive and linguistic development, and physical growth and health

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50.

Nonstandard work schedules and child care decisions: Evidence from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care
Han, Wen-Jui, 2004
Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 19(2), 231-256

A study of the relationship between parents' work schedules and child care arrangements, using longitudinal data collected by the National Institute on Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Early Child Care Research Network

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