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Current Filters: State:PENNSYLVANIA [remove]; Classification:Behavior/Social & Emotional Development/Socialization [remove];

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Are insecure-avoidant infants with extensive day-care experience less stressed by and more independent in the Strange Situation
Belsky, Jay, 1991
Child Development, 62(3), 567-571

A study of the relationship between child reactions to stressful situations and the amount of non-parental child care experienced by the child in his or her first year, in a sample of 20 insecure-avoidant infants

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Are we leaving them behind?: The case for helping childcare providers and parents address behavioral problems in very young children
Jewish Healthcare Foundation, 2002
Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh, School of Education, Office of Child Development.

A study of the status of behavioral health services available to children from birth to age five in early care and education settings in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania

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Arts enrichment and preschool emotions for low-income children at risk
Brown, Eleanor D., Q2 2013
Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 28(2), 337-346

A comparison of emotion expression and regulation in children attending both arts-integrated and non-arts integrated Head start programs, based on data from 182 low income children

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Assessing the strengths of young children at risk: Examining use of the Preschool Behavioral and Emotional Rating Scale with a Head Start population
Griffith, Annette K., September, 2010
Journal of Early Intervention, 32(4), 274-285

Over the past decade, there has been an increased need for the development and use of psychometrically acceptable measures to assess the behavioral and emotional strengths of young children served in statewide preschool and Head Start programs. One measure developed to address this need is the Preschool Behavioral and Emotional Rating Scale (PreBERS), which is a strength-based instrument designed to evaluate the behavioral and emotional strengths of preschool children aged 3 to 5 years old. In a previous study with a nationally representative sample, researchers found that (a) the items of the PreBERS can best be described by a four-factor structure model (Emotional Regulation, School Readiness, Social Confidence, and Family Involvement), (b) the subscales and total measure have highly acceptable levels of internal consistency, and (c) differences were obtained for levels of strength for preschool children with and without disabilities. The findings of this investigation replicate these previous results with a national sample of children (N = 962) enrolled in Head Start programs. Confirmatory factor analysis and analyses of internal consistency and criterion validity provide support for the use of the PreBERS with children served in Head Start programs. Study limitations and implications are addressed (author abstract)

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Child care and child development: The NICHD Study of Early Child Care
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 1994
In Developmental follow-up: Concepts, domains and methods. (pp. 377-396). San Diego, CA: Academic Press, Inc.

A description of the theoretical framework for the National Institute of Child Health and Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care, assessing relationships among family life, child care processes and child behavioral development

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Child care and children's peer interaction at 24 and 36 months: The NICHD Study of Early Child Care
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2001
Child Development, 72(5), 1478-1500

A study of how time spent in child care, child care quality, and availability of peers relate to children's peer social competence at 23 and 36 months, using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care

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Child-care and family predictors of preschool attachment and stability from infancy
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2001
Developmental Psychology, 37(6), 847-862

An analysis of the relationship between family factors and infant and toddler child care experiences and preschool attachment, using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care

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Child care and mother-child interaction in the first 3 years of life
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 1999
Developmental Psychology, 35(6), 1399-1413

An analysis of the effects of child care on maternal sensitivity and child engagement during the first three years of life based on data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care

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Child care changes, home environment quality, and the social competence of African American children at age 3
Bratsch-Hines, Mary E., November, 2013
Early Education and Development, 24(8), 1065-1081

Recent work has demonstrated that the changes young children experience in their child care settings before age 5 may be related to subsequent development, especially social development. Several of these studies have included samples of middle-class children, with almost no emphasis on understanding these processes for low-income and/or African American children. This study examined a rural African American sample of children from birth to 3 years of age to understand not only the role of child care changes in children's social development but, in addition, the role played by children's home environment quality. Results suggested that more changes in child care up to age 3 (defined as "big changes" in provider, location, or quantity of care) were associated with lower child care provider ratings of children's social competence. Furthermore, this link appeared to be stronger for children whose home environment was of low quality. (author abstract)

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Child care teachers' response to children's emotional expression
Ahn, Hey Jun, 2006
Early Education and Development, 17(2), 253-270

A study of child care center teachers' responses to children's emotional expressions using systematic observational methods

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Child care teachers' strategies in children's socialization of emotion
Ahn, Hey Jun, 2005
Early Child Development and Care, 175(1), 49-61

An investigation of ways in which child care teachers socialize children's emotional expression

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Child outcomes when child care center classes meet recommended standards for quality [Abridged]
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2005
In Child care and child development: Results from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (pp. 358-363). New York: Guilford Press

An abridged reprint of a study of how children's cognition, language and social competence are affected by child care meeting professional quality standards, based on data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care

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Contextually relevant assessment of the emotional and behavioral adjustment of Head Start children
Lutz, Megan Noone, 1999
Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia

An exploration of the discrepancies between children with emotional and behavioral problems and the current identification rate of these problems in Head Start programs

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A day in third grade: A large scale study of classroom quality and teacher and student behavior
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2005
Elementary School Journal, 105(3), 305-323

A study evaluating the quality of 780 third grade classrooms observed as part of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (NICHD SECCYD)

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Developmental precursors of externalizing behavior: Ages 1 to 3
Shaw, Daniel, 1994
Developmental Psychology, 30(3), 355-364

A study of the association of various factors, including gender and maternal responsiveness, to later externalizing behavior in children at ages two and three, based on observations of 100 mother-child dyads from low-income families

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Do children's attention processes mediate the link between family predictors and school readiness
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2003
Developmental Psychology, 39(3), 581-593

A study of the mediating role of child's attention processes in the relation between family environment and school readiness

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Does amount of time spent in child care predict socioemotional adjustment during the transition to kindergarten?
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2003
Child Development, 74(4), 976-1005

A study of the links between children's socioemotional development and both the cumulative amount of time spent in nonmaternal care from birth to the preschool years, and the quality, type, and other characteristics of child care

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Does amount of time spent in child care predict socioemotional adjustment during the transition to kindergarten? [Abridged]
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2005
In Child care and child development: Results from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (pp. 297-317). New York: Guilford Press

An abridged reprint of a study of how children's socioemotional development is affected by the cumulative amount of time spent in nonmaternal care from birth to the preschool years, and the quality, type and other characteristics of child care, using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care

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Double Jeopardy: Poorer social-emotional outcomes for children in the NICHD SECCYD experiencing home and child-care environments that confer risk
Watamura, Sarah, January/February 2011
Child Development, 82(1), 48-65

A study of the relationships between both home and child care quality and the socioemotional adjustment of groups of children in five different environments at ages 24, 36, and 54 months, based on a secondary analysis of data from 771 children

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Early child care and children's development in the primary grades: Follow-up results from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2005
American Educational Research Journal, 42(3), 537-570

A follow-up investigation into the effects of the quality, quantity, and type of child care on children’s development through primary school, using longitudinal data collected on child care settings and children's cognitive and social functioning

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Early child care and children's peer interaction at 24 and 36 months [Abridged]
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2005
In Child care and child development: Results from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (pp. 281-296). New York: Guilford Press

An abridged reprint of a study of how time spent in child care, child care quality, and availability of peers relate to children's peer social competence at 23 and 36 months, using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care

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Early child care and mother-child interaction from 36 months through first grade
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2003
Infant Behavior & Development, 26(3), 345-370

A study of the relationship between early child care experiences in a child's first 3 years of life and mother-child interaction through the child's transition to school

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Early child care and self-control, compliance, and problem behavior at 24 and 36 months [Abridged]
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 2005
In Child care and child development: Results from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (pp. 263-280). New York: Guilford Press

A comparison of early child care experiences and family factors, such as income-to-need ratio and mother’s psychological adjustment, as predictors of 2- and 3-year-olds’ self-control, compliance, and problem behavior outcomes

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Early child care and self-control, compliance, and problem behavior at twenty-four and thirty-six months
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network, 1998
Child Development, 69(4), 1145-1170

A study into factors of family and child care experiences as predictors of self-control, compliance and problem behavior in children

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Early student-teacher relationships of children with and without intellectual disability: Contributions of behavioral, social, and self-regulatory competence
Eisenhower, Abbey S., August 2007
Journal of School Psychology, 45(4), 363-383

An examination of the quality of student teacher relationships (STR) among 6 year-old children with and without intellectual disability, considering child characteristics as predicators of STR and using data from the children at age 3

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Research Connections is supported by grant #90YE0104 from the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The contents are solely the responsibility of the National Center for Children in Poverty and the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research and do not necessarily represent the official views of the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, the Administration for Children and Families, or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

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