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Defining family engagement among Latino Head Start parents: A mixed-methods measurement development study
McWayne, Christine M., Q3 2013
Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 28(3), 593-607

Given the increasing numbers of Latino children and, specifically, of dual-language learning Latino children, entering the U.S. educational system, culturally contextualized models are needed to understand how parents construct their involvement roles and support their children's educational experiences. Current measures of parenting and family engagement have been developed primarily with European American families and, thus, might not capture engagement behaviors unique to other ethnic groups. Lacking culture-appropriate measurement limits our ability to construct programs that adequately incorporate protective factors to promote children's successful development. The present mixed-methods investigation employed an emic approach to understand family engagement conceptualizations for a pan-Latino population. One hundred thirteen parents from 14 Head Start programs in a large, northeastern city participated in the first study, in which domains of family engagement were identified and specific items were co-constructed to capture family engagement behaviors. Then, 650 caregivers participated in a second study examining the construct validity of the resulting 65-item measure across two language versions: Parental Engagement of Families from Latino Backgrounds (PEFL-English) and Participacion Educativa de Familias Latinas (PEFL-Spanish). Four theoretically meaningful dimensions of family engagement among Latino Head Start families were identified empirically. The measure was then validated with teacher report of family involvement and parent report of satisfaction with their experiences in Head Start. (author abstract)

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Instruction in Spanish in pre-kindergarten classrooms and child outcomes for English language learners
Burchinal, Margaret, Q2 2012
Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 27(2), 188-197

An examination of the relationship between the language, reading, and math skills of English language learners and both the proportion of instruction in Spanish and observed quality of teacher-child interactions, based on data from 357 Spanish-speaking 4-year-old children who attended state-funded pre-kindergarten programs in 11 states

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Observations of teacher-child interactions in classrooms serving Latinos and dual language learners: Applicability of the Classroom Assessment Scoring System in diverse settings
Downer, Jason T., Q1 2012
Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 27(1), 21-32

A test of the validity of the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS) for the prediction of academic outcomes and the measurement of social interactions in classrooms with varying compositions of English only and dual language learners, based on a secondary analysis of data collected in 721 prekindergarten classrooms in 11 states

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Spanish-speaking children's social and language development in pre-kindergarten classrooms
Chang, Florence, 2007
Early Education and Development, 18(2), 243-269

A discussion of the Spanish and English language interactions that Spanish-speaking children experience in the pre-K classroom in relation to their social and cognitive outcomes, based on data from 345 Spanish-speaking students in pre-K programs

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Research Connections is supported by grant #90YE0104 from the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The contents are solely the responsibility of the National Center for Children in Poverty and the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research and do not necessarily represent the official views of the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, the Administration for Children and Families, or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

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