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Current Filters: Author:Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne [remove]; Pub Year:2009 [remove];

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Child Care Subsidies: Who Uses Them and What Do They Buy Low-Income Families and Children?
Johnson, Anna D., 2009
Columbia University, Teachers College

This study uses data from the nationally representative Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) to: (1) determine whether eligible recipients of child care subsidies differ from the eligible non-recipients of child care subsidies on child and family characteristics and parental preferences for child care; (2) examine whether subsidy receipt in preschool leads parents to purchase higher-quality child care than they could have afforded without the subsidy; and (3) test whether subsidy receipt in preschool is associated with better school readiness in kindergarten. Expanding on prior work, this study identifies eligible non-recipients of child care subsidies who resemble subsidy recipients not only on observable demographic characteristics but also on variables that are harder to measure, like parental preferences for specific features of child care. Subsidy recipients are compared to eligible non-recipients on family and child characteristics and parental preference variables. Then, a propensity score matching technique is used to estimate the causal effect of subsidy use in preschool on the quality of preschool care children experience. Finally, state-fixed effects regressions with a lagged dependent variable are employed to test whether subsidy use in preschool is associated with children’s school readiness in kindergarten. If such an association exists, the possibility that preschool child care quality mediates this link is explored. In all analyses, children who receive subsidies are compared to children who are eligible for subsidies but who instead use either Head Start, or public pre-kindergarten, or unsubsidized care.

Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects


The duration and dynamics of child care subsidy use in New York City: Children aged 0-5
Gardner, Margo, 15 July, 2009
New York: Columbia University, National Center for Children and Families.

A summary of a study of the duration of, number of, and gaps between subsidy spells of children from birth through age five in New York City from January 2006 through December 2008

Fact Sheets & Briefs


The duration and dynamics of child care subsidy use in New York City: Children aged 6-13
Gardner, Margo, 15 July, 2009
New York: Columbia University, National Center for Children and Families.

A summary of a study of the duration of, number of, and gaps between subsidy spells of children aged six through 13 in New York City from January 2006 through December 2008

Fact Sheets & Briefs


Long-run economic effects of early childhood programs on adult earnings
Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne, February 20, 2009
(Issue Paper No. 12). Washington, DC: Partnership for America's Economic Success.

A study of a methodology for relating improvements in outcomes frequently targeted by early childhood programs, including child health, academic achievement, and behavior and parenting, to later adult earnings

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Long-run economic effects of early childhood programs on adult earnings: Executive summary
Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne, February 20, 2009
(Issue Paper No. 12). Washington, DC: Partnership for America's Economic Success.

A summary of a study of a methodology for relating improvements in outcomes frequently targeted by early childhood programs, including child health, academic achievement, and behavior and parenting, to later adult earnings

Executive Summary


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Low-income children's school readiness: Parent contributions over the first five years
Chazan-Cohen, Rachel, November 2009
Early Education and Development, 20(6), 958-977

A study of the association of both home environment and parental support of play measured at 14 months and school readiness skills measured at kindergarten and a study of the association between parenting changes during the first 5 years of life and school readiness based on data collected as part of the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project with a sample of 1,273 child and parent assessments

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Research Connections is supported by grant #90YE0104 from the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The contents are solely the responsibility of the National Center for Children in Poverty and the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research and do not necessarily represent the official views of the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, the Administration for Children and Families, or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

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