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Mothers' work and child care: Findings from the urban slums of Guatemala City
Hallman, Kelly, 2005
Economic Development and Cultural Change, 53(4), 855-885

An investigation of the effects of child care provision on mothers' employment rates through an analysis of labor force participation, hours worked, and child care arrangements of mothers from the urban areas of Guatemala City

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Preschool and maternal labor market outcomes: Evidence from a regression discontinuity design
Berlinski, Samuel, January 2011
Economic Development and Cultural Change, 59(2), 313-344

An examination of the influence of children's preschool attendance on mothers' labor market participation, based on information from a biannual survey of more than 100,000 households in Argentina from 1995 to 2001

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Women's employment and child care choices in urban China during the economic transition
Du, Fenglian, October, 2013
Economic Development and Cultural Change, 62(1), 131-155

China's transition from a centrally planned economy to a market economy has substantially eroded the government's support for child care programs, raising concerns about how the change of child care provision may affect women's labor market outcomes. In this article, we provide an overview of child care reform in China and estimate the impacts of child care availability and affordability on women's labor force outcomes and child care choices. Our analysis shows that the presence of day care programs in a community is positively associated with mothers' labor force participation and labor hour supply, while the wages for babysitters and nannies are negatively related with mother's labor hour supply. The analysis also shows that the wages for babysitters and nannies and family incomes have important effects on the use of out-of-home child care services. Using the estimates from the regressions of labor force outcomes, we simulated the effects of change in day care presence and the costs of hired caregivers in the postrestructuring period. The results indicate that the decrease of day care availability was an important cause of the declining labor force participation of mothers with preschool children during the public-sector restructuring, which accounted for nearly half of the decline between 1997 and 2000. (author abstract)

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Women's employment and child care in Brazil
Connelly, Rachel, 1996
Economic Development and Cultural Change, 44(3), 619-656

A study concerning the interrelationships between women’s labor force activity and child care choices in metropolitan Brazil

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Research Connections is supported by grant #90YE0104 from the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The contents are solely the responsibility of the National Center for Children in Poverty and the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research and do not necessarily represent the official views of the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, the Administration for Children and Families, or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

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