Oral language skills of Spanish-speaking English language learners: The impact of high-quality native language exposure

Resource Type: Reports & Papers
Author(s): Gamez, Perla Blanca; Levine, Susan Cohen
Date Issued: July, 2013
Description: This study examined the relation between young English language learners' (ELL) native oral language skills and their language input in transitional bilingual education kindergarten classrooms. Spanish speaking ELLs' (n = 101) Spanish expressive language skills were assessed using the memory for sentences and picture vocabulary subtests of the Woodcock Language Proficiency Battery--Revised. Samples of transitional bilingual education teachers' (n = 21) speech were recorded and coded for syntactic complexity and vocabulary usage. Results revealed considerable variation in ELLs' language scores, with overall performance below the normative sample. There was also wide variation in teachers' speech across classrooms. Hierarchical linear modeling revealed that gains in ELLs' expressive language skills were positively related to the diversity of teachers' vocabulary and teachers' syntactic complexity. These findings suggest that the quality of teachers' language input, not just the quantity of their input, plays a significant role in the language learning trajectories of ELLs. (author abstract)
show entire record ↓
Journal Title: Applied Psycholinguistics
Volume Number: 34
Issue Number: 4
Page Range: 673-696
Topics: Children & Child Development > Child Development & School Readiness > Cognitive Development

Children & Child Development > Children with Special Needs & Special Child Populations > Native Language
Country: United States
ISSN: 0142-7164 Paper
1469-1817 Online
Peer Reviewed: yes
hide record ↑




More Like This

what is this? These resources were found by comparing the title, description, and topics of the currently selected resource to the rest of the Research Connections holdings.

Classroom-based English exposure and English language learners' expressive language skills Reports & Papers
Ties between the lexicon and grammar: Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies of bilingual toddlers Reports & Papers
A culturally and linguistically responsive vocabulary approach for young Latino dual language learners Reports & Papers
Cross-language associations and changes in Spanish-speaking preschoolers' English and Spanish academic abilities Reports & Papers
Relations among the home language and literacy environment and children's language abilities: A study of Head Start dual language learners and their mothers Reports & Papers

Disclaimer: Use of the above resource is governed by Research Connections' Terms of Use.