Determinants of Subsidy Stability and Continuity of Child Care in Illinois and New York
||Administration for Children and Families/OPRE Projects
Henly, Julia R.;
||Determinants of Subsidy Stability and Continuity of Child Care in Illinois and New York is a research partnership that joins child care researchers at the University of Chicago and the Urban Institute with Illinois and New York state child care administrators and local administrators of subsidies in four regions (two per state). The primary aim of the partnership is to develop an empirically-informed and practically-relevant knowledgebase regarding important determinants of subsidy stability and child care continuity and the linkages between the two. By targeting our study on four regions in two states and analyzing quantitative and qualitative information on parent perceptions and experiences together with administrative program records, our empirical strategy aims to strengthen our understanding of the patterns of subsidy and child care stability over time. In particular, it will allow us to examine how subsidy program characteristics and employment circumstances may operate to encourage or discourage subsidy receipt and subsidy stability; and in turn, how subsidy receipt and stability contribute to child care arrangement continuity. Research questions include: (1) What are the different patterns of subsidy use and stability over time, what are the characteristics of families who demonstrate different subsidy patterns, and how does subsidy use vary with other public program use and with employment patterns; (2) To what extent do subsidy program characteristics and parental work circumstances influence subsidy use and stability and do parental work circumstances moderate the effects of subsidy program characteristics on subsidy use and stability; (3) How stable are child care arrangements for subsidy-receiving families both during a subsidy spell and over time, what are the characteristics of families who have unstable child care arrangements during a subsidy spell and/or over time, what are the characteristics of their child care arrangements, and what is the relationship between subsidy stability and child care arrangement stability; (4) To what extent do subsidy program characteristics and parental work circumstances directly influence the stability of child care arrangements, and are these influences mediated by patterns of subsidy use; (5) What challenges to subsidy stability and child care stability do parents perceive to be most difficult, are there subsidy program characteristics that parents perceive as promoting or hindering subsidy stability, child care options, and child care arrangement stability, how do parents perceive the directionality of influence between subsidy stability and child care arrangement stability; and (6) What challenges to subsidy stability and child care stability are particularly salient for parents with non-traditional jobs and/or nonstandard work schedules, TANF families, immigrant families/non-English speaking parents, families with multiple children and school-aged children needing care, and what are the strategies for obtaining stability that these parents develop in their efforts to deal with the challenges they identify
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